Question 2: As a MSW Manager, describe what major environmental issues, laws(federal), and stakeholders concerns would you need to address at1) a landfill disposal facility and 2) a composting facility?A landfill Disposal Facility should be built in a suitable geological area that is far away from wetlands, faults or such types of areas that are restricted. Landfills require liners made from plastic sheets or geo-membrane with a reinforcement of two feet of clay on the sides and floor of the landfill.Waste in landfills should be compacted and covered frequently with several inches of soil. This helps reduce odor, prevent the escape of litter, keep away insects and rodents and safeguard public health. Also, frequent testing of ground water should be done to ensure that no waste materials have escaped from the landfill.Closed landfills need to be properly maintained and any leakage from landfills should be countered and corrective measures taken to contain the leakage. There should be enough finances to provide post closure care to the landfill.The composting facility should not be located in areas that are environmentally sensitive. These include area such as near parks, reserves and wetlands. The site should be accessible throughout the year.It should not be located near a 100 year flood plain or an area with a greater than 1% probability of flooding in a year. Sites near water catchment area or well fields should also be avoided.Several measures can be adopted to reduce the waste materials produced by printing companies. One of the methods is by ensuring that proper graphic design choices are used. Making layouts that employ the correct image size for the press sheet helps reduce paper wastage at later stages where cutting and binding is done. The use of non-toxic inks that do not contain hazardous elements is also advisable.Proper planning before doing a job reduces wastage. It allows for the press operator to prepare the exact amount of ink needed for printing. The use of computerized mixing equipment can also help reduce ink wastage significantly.Recycling and reuse of paper, solvents, cylinder boxes and ink containers can also help cut down on waste that is produced. Rags and wipes used for cleaning can be washed and reused instead of being disposed off.Alternative methods of production that produce less waste materials should also be sought. Such methods include the use of electronic imaging for
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