The shamans are part of South Korean modernity, they thrive in South Korea’s big cities, and they are technologically sophisticated and work with clients who are high class (Kendall, 2009). With the rise of protestant Christianity as part of the modern Korea, still Buddhism and shamanism are the most practices in the country. South Korean “Musok” –shamanic folk culture is ancient in comparison to the increasingly globalized country, but it has been intertwined into the fabric of the country’s society and is part of their culture (Winn, 2009). The rituals performed have preserved dance forms, music and traditional costumes.Shamanic music is performed as a tradition and is part of the ritual and not just a musical performance. The music mainly focuses on the provision of spiritual energy and healing intention and it supports the journeying of the soul into the spirit world (Bohyung, 2008). Music is beneficial as it supports performance and dancing. Sacred music is the most played and it more directed to the spiritual world and not the audience.During the performance, the shamans clap hands, chant and imitate the sounds made by animals and birds and they play with instruments. Winn, (2009) suggests that shamanism is an ancient healing that utilizes various techniques, including repetitive drumming and singing to access information from the human conscious.The drum is also referred to as shaman’s horse and drumming is what produces a deeper self-awareness as it induces a brain activity, which is synchronous. During the drumming, a strike of a part of the drum is to access particular helping spirits and if the beats have a frequency of 180 beats per minute this will in the end induce a trance (Bohyung, 2008).In conclusion, traditional shamanism was viewed as a religion that instilled fear but with the modernity, it stands out to be a colorful artistic ingredient of culture. The ritual that has exorcist elements is rich and presents itself to be theatrical with dance and music (Bohyung, 2008). It remains a vital aspect of their culture as well as an underlying religion of the Korean
Bohyung, L. (2008). Korean Religious Music: Shemanic. In E. Koskoff, The Concise Garland Encyclopedia of World Music: Africa ; South America, Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean ; The United States and Canada ; Europe ; Oceania (pp. 876 - 878). New York: Routledge.
Eliade,M.(2004).Shamanism:Archaic Tecniques of Ecstasy. Bolingen series. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Kendall, L. (2009). Korean Shamans and the Spirits of Capitalism. In L. Kendall, Shamans Nostalgias and the IMF: SOuth Korea popular religion in motion (pp. 129-151). Kolowalu: University of Hawaii Press.
Winn, T., Crowe, B.J., & Moreno, J.J.(2009).Shamanism and music therapy: Ancient healing techniques in modern practice. Music therapy perspectives, 7 (1), 67-71.
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