There is also a comprehensive water management plan that seeks to ensure water quality in the area through the water treatment plant that is expected to run for 35 years (Permissions Mining Report, 2013). Moreover, the company has a proposal to undertake funding for community and recreational facilities as well as reserves. This will hopefully ensure a balance in the ecosystem. Furthermore, the rehabilitation program of the mine project also has a Vegetation Direct Transfer, or VDT, aspect in order to ensure that both soil and vegetation are moved directly from one site to another (Permissions Mining Report, 2013).The Escarpment Mine Project is said to have violated the provisions of the RMA because the environmental damage seems to outweigh the economic benefits. Thus, the case of the Escarpment mine has been brought to the Environment Court. The present argument on this is about whether the biodiversity and the value of the landscape can outweigh the economic benefits of the process of mining, which is the provision stated in the RMA. Recently, the courts have established that climate change cannot be argued as a case against the company, and so the case is in favor of the Escarpment Mine and is still ongoing (New Zealand and Coal, 2013). Moreover, the main issue is the lack of approval of the site operations due to the lack of resource consent for the burning of coal due to climate change fears. However, as stipulated by the lawyers of the Escarpment Mine, the burning of coal itself does not need resource consent for the purpose of a future reason like climate change (SC75, 2012).The Resource Management Act, or RMA, acts as the basis for which an activity in New Zealand is to be approved or not. One of the intentions of the RMA is the maintenance of high levels of sustainability when it comes to the operation of any business in the country vis-à-vis the environment. However, it should be noted that the RMA does not at all seek to degrade the level of innovation and progress that a new business in New Zealand can do in order to increase the quality of living in the country. Additionally, the RMA does not exist in order to slow down or hinder economic growth 1999). In short, although the RMA favors environmental sustainability over economic advantages, it is clear that the intentions of the RMA somehow rest upon the idea that unless environmental concerns are taken into
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