Nonetheless, it provided a firm foundation for the production and recording of music. Later on in the century, other modifications had to be fixed to the mechanism to enable audio playback for the sounds captured by the device (Inglis 2006, p. This was essentially in the form of a phonograph, which was pioneered by Thomas Edison. The phonograph enabled for the reproduction of the recorded music as opposed to the phonautograph that only enabled recording but no playback. An advancement of the phonograph led to the invention of the world renowned gramophone, which then set a new bar in the production of, and recording of musical pieces. Emile Berliner held the patent for the gramophone, thereby cementing her name in the music production history. It also brought the onset of disks as a medium for storing sound pieces and later on allowing for their playback through a form of rotational mechanism. However, all these advancements in the production of music still relied on mechanical mechanisms, as their periods of invention fell within the time that could not allow for integration with electricity (Fenlon 2009, p.The onset of electronic recording was in the early 20th century, and this greatly improved the recording and production of music. This was especially with the advent of the microphone, which replaced the initial mechanical means of recording sound. After the introduction of the electric forms of music recording, most of the music production processes adopted the microphone as the chief equipment for recording music (Goetschius & Tapper 2001, p. This was still reliant upon discs where the electronic recording would be applied either on a single side or on both sides of the disc. Furthermore, another breakthrough in the line of music recording came with the invention of magnetic form of music recording. This was through an electric signal with a frequency similar to that of the music being recorded (McClellan 2000, p. The recording would be done through the magnetization of the magnetic tape, and replaying was done through the conversion of these magnetic impulses back to electrical signal. Moreover, electronic augmentation, introduced by Curt Stille, further enhanced the way in which electronic recording was revolutionizing music production. Mainstream music production through electrical recording means followed in
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Wikstorm, P. 2010, The Music Industry: Music in the Cloud, Polity Press, Cambridge.
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