The researchers used data from PSID, a longitudinal study using a sample size of 5,000 participants (Conley and Yeung, 2008). The study extended previous analyses to construct independent tests and measure the effects of wealth disparity and implications on the test score gap (Conley and Yeung, 2008). The researchers employed regression analysis to examine the relationship between family wealth and children’s test scores. The measurement of cognitive abilities included language skills, problem-solving problems, and literacy levels. The researchers used two age-standardized subscales to assess the cognitive abilities; Applied Problems (AP) and Letter-Word scores (Conley and Yeung, 2008). The study demonstrated large gaps between black and white students performance even before kindergarten level. Black students scored lower than their White counterparts in both tests (Conley and Yeung, 2008). The employment of multivariate analysis improved the robustness of the study. The analysis approach makes data visualization and interpretation easy while making it easy to understand the relationship between individual factors. Gaps in Educational Achievement.
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