Just like the meadows, which can be divided into different sections, the woodland in this park can be divided into upland woodland and lowland woodland as shown in Figure 2. All the woodlands assume a corridor structure as they act as barriers between structures. More specifically, the woodland structure covered by area 7, 2 and 1 is a barrier to some humans, animals and microorganisms. For example, the woodland creates a barrier between the marshy areas, the pond and the river oxbow. Therefore, aquatic animals in the marshes view the forest as a barrier. In addition, the woodland in the selected part do not link patches. Instead, they act as barriers to these patches. The only structure that tries to cut through the lowland forest is the path that leads to the river oxbow and to the upland meadow. This provides passage to humans meaning that the structure in the eyes of humans is that of a conduit.Apart from the woodland’s structure, another notable element of the woodland is its size. The selected woodland is large in terms of size. Each of the different patches of the woodland are big in size.The ecotone of the upland meadow and the lowland woodland is the river oxbow. The river blocks the woodland from joining the meadow in the upland. The river also blocks the upland meadow from extending to the lower part where the lowland woodland is located. The same thing applies to the lowland woodland as it is hindered from extending to the uplands on the side of the meadow by the same meadow.The functions of meadows and woodlands in all ecosystems are fairly the same in all ecosystems. This means that the function of a meadow in this ecosystem is almost the same as the function of the meadow in another ecosystem. Therefore, it is highly expected that the functions of meadows and woodlandsGenerally, meadows have numerous functions with the main function being that of plant and wildlife function. Meadows also help in flood controls (National Park Service, 2014). The perfect function of a meadow in flood control is shown in Figure 3.Meadows help in controlling floods by storing flood waters. After storage, they then release small amount of water into the ecosystem by acting as natural flood reservoirs (National Park Service, 2014). The named role is easily identifiable in the Todmorden Mills Park lowland meadows. As seen earlier, most of these meadows and especially those in the lowlands are wet meadows. By holding flood
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