Through this, acting against human nature by not allowing reason to rule would place man at the position of the beast. However, the Renaissance writers challenged this notion and wanted to question it after developing discomfort. More (37) challenged the notion that religion had powers above the people by outlining the operations of the city states. According to More, religion plays the role of motivating people and giving them hope as opposed to threatening them.Similarly, the dark ages gave the King of England powers to rule and had supreme powers over the people. However, More (40) challenged this notion by outlining the role of the King giving the examples of city states. The King has a role of protecting the interest of his people as opposed to oppressing them and snatching what belongs to them. The fear of disorder that Kings created helped them and other political rulers to reinforce their authority. Before the civil rebellion, the people knew that it was a sin against God to challenge the power of the king since the order dictated the position of everyone. Because of this notion, the Renaissance literature talked about the need for the people to have an active role making them bring the end to the feudalism. Most of the Renaissance literature wrote about the ideals of kingship, characters, and behaviors. One of the literatures supporting the notion is the Machiavelli’s book, “The Prince” (Robert 79).There were many oppressions and lack of human dignity by the political rulers. They exercised their powers on the people without considering the aspects of human life. This brought a renewed emphasis to life in the world as opposed to otherworldly and spiritual life associated with middle ages. Renaissance literature started writing about man’s dignity and the expanded possibilities of humans in the world. They believed humans were social creatures who could create a meaningful life in association with other social beings. As More notes, the people chose their Magistrates who looked after their welfare. The Magistrates included Syphogrant and Tranibore and looked at those who were suffering. Renaissance literatures challenged the powers of the king that did not value the input of man. Therefore, the campaign of humanism meant to bring a change from contemplative life to active life. Renaissance writers were concerned about the highest cultural values characterized by active involvement in
Greenblatt, Stephen. Renaissance self-fashioning: From More to Shakespeare. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press, 1980.
More, Thomas. Utopia. Rockville: TARK Classic Fiction, 2008.
Norbrook, David. Poetry and Politics in the English Renaissance, revised edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
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