This family includes smallest creatures, animals and mankind, all created by God. Amongst all creatures, mankind has the ability to think and rule the earth, therefore bears greater responsibility to exercise tolerance. Man must show tolerance to fellow beings irrespective of religion or caste. Hinduism preaches that tolerance is essence of human life and all other religions or paths leading to God are true and legitimate. It is wrong to consider oneself on true path while others at a wrong one. Due to belief of tolerance Hinduism in India co existed for centuries with Buddhism, Islam, Sikhism, Jainism and many other religions at the same time. In Indian history very less Hindu rulers invaded foreign lands in the name of religion. As said by Gandhi the famous Hindu leader “The chief value of Hinduism lies in holding the actual belief that all life (not only human beings, but all sentient beings) is one, i. all life coming from the universal source, call it Allah, God or Parameshwara . He has as many names as you can possibly give Him” (Shandon).Buddhism has a history of twenty-five centuries. Tolerance has been a hallmark of Buddhism over these years. In Buddhism views and beliefs of others are accepted with respect and known as “metta”. King Asoka of India was a famous Buddhist who preached tolerance with all religions under his rule. He directed in 256 BC, that doctrines professed by others must be listened and respected. Buddhists think that tolerance is a basic need of humanity due to its vast presence and diverse living conditions which cannot be covered by single teaching. Tolerance in Buddhism originate from teachings of Buddha called Dhamma. Tolerance does not mean acceptance of injustice or leaving one’s conviction. It means that all are free to live according to their beliefs. Buddhists claim that in Buddhist history of twenty-five centuries no blood has been shed in the name of religion. Buddhism teaches people to live and let live. Buddhists do not regard other religions as threat or hurdle for world peace. They do not believe in God and do not kill other creatures as part of food. Buddha invited his followers to consider his teachings as guideline and use their own minds for advancing in life. Buddha had no intention of founding a religion rather he preached to reach enlightenment through peace, holiness and
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