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Religious Conflicts in Lebanon Essay Example

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Religious Conflicts in Lebanon

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The entire population including the Christians and Muslims speak Arabic language; however, sectarianism is a dominant socio-political reality in Lebanese society despite the features they have in common. Sectarianism is not a new in Lebanon, historical Lebanon also called Mount Lebanon used to be shared mainly by Druzes and the Maronites. They did not coexist in peace and harmony as they fought over land ownership and distribution of political power among other issues. But these two groups have coexisted in harmony until the Christians were favored over the Druzes (Kisirwani 691). There have bitter conflicts between Christians and Druze since 1842 and the proposition that Mount Lebanon be partitioned into Christian and Druze parts led to the division of Lebanon into two districts, a northern district ruled by a Christian deputy governor and a southern district under a Druze deputy governor. However, this division increased animosities between these two groups leading to conflict between them as early as 1845.There have also been differences between Christians and Muslims, Sunni Muslims in particular. Many Lebanese Christians advocate for an independent Syria with Lebanon as a separate province within it, but many Lebanese Muslims do not want the Ottoman Regime to be liberalized but to maintain it. Actually, the Sunni Muslims even want to be identified with the caliphate and so the two conflicting interests has been the main source of conflict between these two groups in Lebanon. However, the Shiite and Druzes, being the minority group in Lebanon, fear to take sides but they tend to favor an independent Lebanon.Notably, the political competition between the Maronite Christians and Sunni Muslims has been the main cause of tension between sectarian communities in Lebanon. The political competition between the Maronite Christians and Sunni Muslims has been the main cause of tension between sectarian communities in Lebanon. After Lebanese independence from France, a new government was formed and the government representation favored Christians over Muslims with a Christian president, a Sunni prime minister and a Shiite Muslim as the speaker (Schwerna 33). Since then, sectarianism has evolved to represent a hallmark of national inclusion (Weiss 707).Religious differences in Lebanon can be looked in two ways, first, the composition of Lebanese society into different Christian and Muslim sects. Currently, there are 17 religious

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Works Cited

“Lebanon is a ticking time bomb of tensions; Viewpoint: Khaleej Times (United Arab Emirates).” Spectator [Hamilton, Ontario] 29 Oct. 2014: A18. Global Issues In Context. Web. 29 Nov. 2014.

“Troubles a test for land of religious diversity.” New Zealand Herald [Auckland, New Zealand] 2 Apr. 2011: 8. Global Issues In Context. Web. 29 Nov. 2014.

Kisirwani, Maroun. Foreign Interference and Religious Animosity in Lebanon. Journal of Contemporary History. Vol. 15, No. 4, 1980, 685-700.

Obeid, Maurice. A Lebanese confession: why religious politics is bad for Lebanon. Kennedy School Review. 10 (2010): p104.

Schwerna, Tobias. Lebanon : A Model Of Consociational Conflict. Frankfurt am Main [Germany]: Peter Lang, 2010. Print.

Tomass, Mark K. “Religious Identity, Informal Institutions, And The Nation-States Of The Near East.” Journal of Economic Issues (M.E. Sharpe Inc.) 46.3 (2012): 705-728. 

Trofimov, Yaroslav. “Islamic States Sway Spreads to Lebanon; with Success, Islamic States Support Grows in Lebanon as Sunni Anger Rises.” Wall Street Journal. Oct 20 2014. Web. 30 November 2014 <http://online.wsj.com/articles/islamic-states-sway-spreads-to-lebanon-1413848480>

Weiss, Max. Practicing sectarianism in Mandate Lebanon: Shi[.sup.c]i cemeteries, religious patrimony, and the everyday politics of difference. Journal of Social History. 43.3 (2010): p707.

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