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A public water supply in Hertfordshire has been heavily contaminated with bromate, a carcinogenic chemical, which is thought to have begun leaking from a chemical works which is Steetley chemical works up to 50 years ago (ENDS, 2006). The company of Three Essay Example

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A public water supply in Hertfordshire has been heavily contaminated with bromate, a carcinogenic chemical, which is thought to have begun leaking from a chemical works which is Steetley chemical works up to 50 years ago (ENDS, 2006). The company of Three

Understand how the plant might have been negligent in some respects that led to the incident, (d) assessing the monitoring measures applied in the plant, and (e) identifying how the plant might have responded to the occurrence of the incident.Studies reflect that the Chalk Aquifer presents a huge source of drinking water (Dassargues, 2000, p.195) for a major part of Greater London. The water is primarily supplied from the rainfall in the region of Hertfordshire (Ellis & Bertrand-Krajewski, 2009, p. If an overview of Hertfordshire’s present situation related to the water supply and treatment can be presented, it would reflect the status as in the following figure (Figure 1).This study reflects a serious factor that the water supply system in the Hertfordshire is concerned about the pollution and the contamination and thus the processes followed are focused on the reduction of such incidents. This also hints that when the bromate contamination occurred in the Chalk Aquifier, it must have been accompanied by some serious causes that would be discussed further in the report.Investigation reveals that an earlier site of industry was the primary source of causing the bromate contamination in the Chalk Aquifer of Hertfordshire. The contamination had affected the groundwater entirely 2009, p. While the sampling process was being addressed during the 2000, the higher levels of bromated concentrations were observed. Later it was determined that the plume that had occurred as a result of the bromated spillage was one of the biggest pollution that had ever occurred in the UK. The activities of the former chemical industry that could be found to have been responsible had come to an end in 1985 and proved to be the main source of the pollution (Sustainable Water, n.This includes an understanding of the different factors like the indicators of the processes applied in the plant, the notification of the unusual occurrences that could be harmful for the human health. This investigation and the study has led to the knowledge that it was around the middle of the year 2000 that bromate contamination in water and thus the increasing level of pollution in the chalk aquifer was discovered by the Veolia Water Central or VWC in two of its water resources. The level or concentrations of the bromate in the water being significantly high, as already mentioned, created concerns in the water supply system (Sage,

References

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2) Bartram & Balance (1996), Water Quality Monitoring. A practical guide to the design and implementation of freshwater quality studies and monitoring programmes, bvsde, available at: http://www.bvsde.paho.org/bvsacd/who/monito.pdf (accessed on December 25, 2011)

3) Bromate in Groundwater in the Hatfield/Sandridge area (n.d.), stleonardscourt, available at: http://stleonardscourt.co.uk/subfolder/bromate.htm (accessed on December 25, 2011)

4) Contaminant Source Zone Characterization and Remediation (2009), geolsoc, available at: http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/webdav/site/GSL/shared/pdfs/specialist%20and%20regional%20groups/Hydro/Con%20Source%20Zone%20Final%20Programme%20&%20Joining%20Instructions.pdf (accessed on December 23, 2011)

5) Dassargues, A. (2000), Tracers and modelling in hydrogeology: TraM2000 : proceedings of TraM2000, the International Conference on Tracers and Modelling in Hydrogeology held at Liège, Belgium, in May 2000, New York: IAHS

6) Drinking Water 2009 (2010), dwi, available at: http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/about/annual-report/2009/cir09thames.pdf (accessed on December 24, 2011)

7) Ellis, B. & J-L. Bertrand-Krajewski (2009), Assessing Infiltration and Exfiltration on the Performance of Urban Sewer Systems (Apuss), London: IWA Publishing

8) Fitzpatrick, C.M. et al (n.d.), The Evolution of Bromate Contamination in the Hertfordshire Chalk Aquifer, hydra, available at: http://www.hydra.uk.net/resources/postgrad_posters/FitzpatrickCM.pdf (accessed on December 23, 2011)

9) Gleick, P.H., Allen, L. & M.J. Cohen (2011), The Worlds Water 2011-2012: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources, Chicago: Island Press

10) Hill, M.K. (2010), Understanding Environmental Pollution, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

11) Kothari, A. & A. Patel (2006), Environment and Human Rights, nhrc, available at: http://nhrc.nic.in/publications/environment.pdf (accessed on December 25, 2011)

12) Quevauiller & Thompson (2006), Analytical methods for drinking water: advances in sampling and analysis, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons

13) Ratnayaka, D.D., Brandt, M.J. & K.M. Johnson (2009), Water Supply, Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann

14) Redland and Crest told to fund bromate clean-up (n.d.), allbusiness, available at: http://www.allbusiness.com/environment-natural-resources/pollution/12912933-1.html (accessed on December 25, 2011)

15) Sage, R. (n.d.), Contamination of public drinking water supply boreholes by bromate, groundwateruk, available at: http://www.groundwateruk.org/groundwater-projects-bromate-pollution.aspx (accessed on December 24, 2011)

16) Stuetz, L.R. (2004), Young Researchers 2004, London: IWA Publishing

17) Sustainable Water (n.d.), water, available at: http://www.water.org.uk/home/news/press-releases/sustainable-water/state-of-the-sector-case-studies.pdf (accessed on December 24, 2011)

18) Sykes, S. (2010), Groundwater Pollution Appeal, eric-group, available at: http://www.eric-group.co.uk/environmental_regulation_story.php?content_id=154 (accessed on December 25, 2011)

19) Veolia Water Canal (2010), veoliawater, available at: http://www.veoliawater.co.uk/uk-water/ressources/documents/1/9033,VWC-FWRMP-Version-3.0-Website.pdf (accessed on December 25, 2011)

20) Zaslow, S.A. & G.M. Herman (1996), Health Effects of Drinking Water Contaminants, NCSU, available at: http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/programs/extension/publicat/wqwm/he393.html (accessed on December 23, 2011)

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preview essay on A public water supply in Hertfordshire has been heavily contaminated with bromate, a carcinogenic chemical, which is thought to have begun leaking from a chemical works which is Steetley chemical works up to 50 years ago (ENDS, 2006). The company of Three
  • Pages: 8 (2000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Environmental Studies
  • Level: Undergraduate
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