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Processualism vs. Post-Processualism Essay Example

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Processualism vs. Post-Processualism

Processualism vs. Post-Processualism. Processual archaeology presents three perspectives that we can employ in studying Indiana Jones: evolutionary ecology which predicts human behaviors in their ecological contexts, and evaluates their behaviors using ethnographic and archaeological data. Secondly, there is behavioral archaeology which focuses on when, where and how human behavior relates to material cultures. Arnold & Nancy (2001) explain that there is the Darwinian archaeology perspective that tries to reconcile Darwinian Theory and other scientific explanations of evolution. On the other hand, the postprocessual perspective comes up with criticisms of the early studies.Postprocessualists are opposed to the ideas of science as the only source of knowledge.

They generally classify scientific studies into non-positivist perceptions with no basis (Johnson, 2010). For instance, these people claim that the empirical studies done by science are not satisfactory enough, since they do not have sufficient fundamental facts. According to the postprocessualists, we have active individuals hence, they do not agree with the views of archeologists who make individuals to be lost in their theories. They thus advocate for individuals to be active instead of following blindly the social norms and values that are presented to them. They then emphasize on agency as a tool of active individuals (Hegmon, 2003 & Hurt & Rakita, 2001). Focusing on their understanding, one can conclude that they urge archaeologists to consider rules that can be changed creatively by social beings, rather than the ones that are to be followed blindly.Jones is mainly recognized because of the many films he has acted, some of which include: Last crusade, Lost Ark Raiders and Temple of Doom among others (Winterhalder & Eric, 2000). In understanding the character of Indiana Jones, these films depict some of the traits that make him have a great influence on the people. Most of these films have similar plots, presenting the ways which Indy employs to prevent Hitler’s hands from holding the biblical artifacts. Processualism vs. Post-Processualism.

References

Johnson, M. (2010). Archaeological theory: An introduction. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

Hegmon, M. (2003). Setting Theoretical Egos Aside: Issues and Theory in North American Archaeology. American Antiquity, 68(2).

Praetzellis, A. (2000). Death by theory: A tale of mystery and archaeological theory. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.

Winterhalder, B. & Eric S. (2000 ) Analyzing Adaptive Strategies: Human Behavioral Ecology at Twenty-Five. Evolutionary Anthropology, 9(2).

Arnold, B. & Nancy L. (2001). Gender and the Archaeology of Death. Walnut Creek, California: AltaMira Press.

Bentley, A. & Herbert M. (2001). Stylistic Change as a Self-Organized Critical Phenomenon: An Archaeological Study in Complexity. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 8(35).

Daniel, I. & Randolph, J. (2001). Stone Raw Material Availability and Early Archaic Settlement in the Southeastern United States. American Antiquity 66(23).

Eastman, M. & Christopher R. (editors). (2001). Archaeological Studies of Gender in the Southeastern United States. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.

Echo-Hawk, C. (2000). Ancient History in the New World: Integrating Oral Traditions and the Archaeological Record in Deep Time. American Antiquity, 65(5).

Hurt, T. D., & Rakita F. G. (editors). (2001). Style and Function: Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Archaeology. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press,

Jones, A. (2002). Archaeological Theory and Scientific Practice: Topics in Contemporary Archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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preview essay on Processualism vs. Post-Processualism
  • Pages: 9 (2000 words)
  • Document Type: Research Paper
  • Subject: Archaeology
  • Level: Undergraduate
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