Thus, if the meaning of the word almah is virgin and the woman is already pregnant then this interpretation entails that the child is born without a father, thereby, pointing towards Virgin Mary and the birth of Jesus Christ.In Hebrew, the term harah refers to a woman who is already pregnant while, almah refers to a woman who is a virgin. Hindson concludes that if the intention of the verse was to insinuate otherwise the appropriate term to describe a woman who lost her virginity after marriage and then bore a child would be ishah rather the word almah, therefore, the usage of almah essentially asserts that the woman has retained her status as a virgin even after the conception of a child and is therefore no one else but Virgin Mary.Grisham claims that as one of the major views on the identity of Immanuel in Isaiah 7:14, the single-fulfillment view asserts that in his declaration of prophecy Isaiah essentially aims to refer towards Christ, however, this approach towards the interpretation of Isaiah 7:14 does not take into account the relationship of this claim to Ahaz of Judah.The second argument against the notion advanced by the view of single-fulfillment refers to the grammatical considerations involving the language used in the scripture, in which Grisham opposes Hindson’s interpretation of the contextual meaning of the word almah by stating that as per the translation of the scripture the woman’s pregnancy is in fact occurring in the present time and therefore, cannot be attributed to the future birth of Christ.These competing interpretations of Isaiah. The Problem of the Identity of Immanuel in Isaiah.
Grisham, Jules. "A Royal Garment for the Greater-One-than-David: An Exegetical Analysis of Isaiah 7: 14." (2002).
Day, John. Prophecy and the Prophets in Ancient Israel: Proceedings of the Oxford Old Testament Seminar. Vol. 531. Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2010.
Walton, John H. "Isa 7: 14: What’s in a Name?." JETS 30 (1987): 289-306.
Hindson, Edward E. “Isaiah’s Immanuel”. Grace Journal 10.3 (1969): 3-15
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