the “different incentives” that private sector workers have compared to public workers; and the “uncertainty as to what functions should be regarded as ‘inherently government’; and therefore the overall difficulties with delegating intelligence duties to private parties. Accountability arises in circumstances where there is the use of force. In the collection of intelligence, there are various circumstances in which behavior could be illegal. The problem arises because collection intelligence should be conducted in secrecy and not under public “scrutiny”. When private actors are involved in the analysis process, the problem of accountability is further compromised. As Chesterman argues:Top-level analysis is precisely intended to shape strategic policy, and the more such tasks are delegated to private actors the further they are removed from traditional accountability structures such as judicial and parliamentary oversight, and the more influence they may have on the executive. The outsourcing of intelligence products to the private sector is particularly problematic in relation to secret intelligence. This usually involves the collection of intelligence from human sources (HUMINT) and the interception of communications and signals generally (SIGINT). The collection of secret intelligence also involves analysis which is a “risk assessment intended to guide action.”. The Privatization of Intelligence.
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