Drug offenders like programs that give them the chance to volunteer. Courts, however, have strict regulations and procedures, which is not effective. Rehabilitation centers that offer such services voluntarily serve better to offenders. Drug treatment as a routine is effective in reducing recidivism among offenders. These programs, however, take various forms. These treatments include the use of voluntary service centers such as rehabilitation stations. It may also take the form of mandatory treatment programs that include the use of the drug courts and law enforcement (Marlowe, 2003). Drug courts are effective in diverting drug abusers from going to prison. Drug courts offer services such as probation, counseling, training, and education to offenders. Drug abuse leads to the loss in the national governments' funds. Funding such program costs lots of dollars. On the health of offenders, drug treatment saves offenders from mental health complications. Despite the success of drug success of drug treatment program, it faces several challenges. Such challenges include the unavailability of high-quality programs, the difference in priorities and the inability of such programs to benefit offenders after prison time (Belenko, 1998). Principles On Drug Abuse Treatment.
Bhati, A. S., Roman, J. K., Chalfin, A. (2008). To treat or not to treat; Evidence on the prospects of expanding treatment to drug-involved offenders. Justice and Policy Center. Retrieved from http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411645_treatment_offenders.pdf
Belenko, S. (1998). Research on drug courts: A critical review. National Drug Court Institute Review, 1(1), 1-42.
Levy, D., Shabat, M. Shalev, U., Noam, B, & Zangen, A. (2007). Repeated Electrical stimulation of Reward-Related Brain Regions Affects cocaine But Not " Natural" Reinforcement. Journal of Neuroscience. 27(51), 14179-14179.
National Institute On Drug Abuse. (2012). Principles of Drug Abuse Treatment for Criminal Justice Populations: the research-based guide. Collingdale, PA: Diane Publishing
Marlowe, D. B. (2003). Integrating substance abuse treatment and criminal justice supervision. Science & Practice Perspectives, 2(1), 4-14.
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