A contract is a legally binding agreement between two or more persons. Such a contract cannot be violated in the interest of any one of the parties involved. Only with the consent of all the parties signed, a contract can be treated as void. If the contract is violated, the aggrieved party can sue the other in the court claiming damages for the time and money he invested in the task. Here in this given case scenario, we are left with two questions. 1. If Krause can avoid the contract he has entered into with Jud Wheeler for the sale of ten acres of land on the ground the price offered by Jud Wheeler is much lesser than the market value?2. If Jud offered the Krauses one price and inadvertently typed a different, higher price into the contract, can Jud be held to the typewritten amount?The answer to the first question is simple; Krause cannot avoid the contract arguing that the consideration is inadequate. For, there is a provision in the Contract Act ‘consideration need not be adequate’. To be clearer, Section 79 of the Second Restatement (as cited in Klass, 2010, pp. 74-75) puts it; there is no requirement of equivalences in the values exchanged. As no court is interested in inquiring the adequacy of consideration, it is deemed that it will be sufficient to support the exchange. The general rule of law is that if the payment is too little for the consideration from the part of the other, the former does not satisfy the requirements of a consideration. If in the given case, the agreed amount is too meager, Krause can bring it to the notice of the court. As there is no information disclosed regarding the market price and the agreed price, let us conclude that there is no option to avoid the contract and both parties have to play their respective role in the contract.In the second instance, what has happened is a unilateral mistake. In the case of unilateral mistakes, it is unlikely that it happens while drafting a contractual agreement. However, the severity of the mistake depends on the person who has done it.
Klass, G. (2010). Contract Law in the USA. Netherlands: Kluwer Law International.
Rosen, R. A. (2000). Settlement Agreements in Commercial Disputes: Negotiating, Drafting & Enforcement. USA: Aspen Publishers Online.
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