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Post traumatic stress disorder Vs. Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Unique neurobiological aspects in cognition, behavioral, emotional and interpersonal Essay Example

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Post traumatic stress disorder Vs. Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Unique neurobiological aspects in cognition, behavioral, emotional and interpersonal

The description of TBI is based on the mode of the disorder such as mild, moderate or severe. There are various aspects that can give a clear definition of mild traumatic brain disorder. It can be defined as a brain damage caused by an external force, loss of conciseness for less or half an hour, confusion or disorientation. Secondly, the disorders can be defined on the Glasgow scale as ranging from 13 to 15. Thirdly it can be defined as post-traumatic amnesia that can happen for less than 24 hours (Ribbers, 2010).PTSD is described according to the time the trauma is likely to occur. According to Bryant (2011), the difference between immediate and longer post traumatic stress disorder is quite significant. This is because severe stress reactions occur most of the time in many patients but for a shorter time. Therefore, there is a need to differentiate from less relenting PTSD. The main definition of PTSD is based on the American Psychiatric Associations DSM-IV. The definition provided by the DSM-IV indicates that the disorder has five significant conditions. According to DSM-IV, the disorder is likely to occur on exposure of a person to a traumatic event, when a person responds to horrific event that makehim or her vulnerable. Secondly, one must show that he or she is experiencing continuous symptoms such as nightmares, disturbing memories and traumatic events when the victim is reminded of the painful incident. The third description is avoidance symptoms such as feelings, traumatic events, avoidance of other people, or emotional signs. The fourth description is that the person with the disorder must present signs such as marked hyper arousal, insomnia, lack of concentration, starlet response, hyper vigilance and irritability. PTSD is diagnosed at most after 1 month of the traumatic event. However, between the time of the shocking event and the diagnosis of PTSD, there is acute stress disorder. Acute dress disorder is describing the initial stage of trauma. Additionally, it was availed to fill the gap between the initial occurrence of trauma and PTSD.Mild traumatic disorder can be described as a concussion because it is not the same as brain injury that might have been caused by anything that has penetrated to the brain. The disorder happens when there is a hard blow to the brain that can causes the brain to shake. In combat zones, this is common when there is a blast or blow from IED explosions. Mild traumatic brain injury

References

Arciniegas, D. B., Anderson, C. A. and McAllister, T. W. (2005). Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Neuropsychiatric Approach to Diagnosis, Evaluation and Treatment. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, Vol. 1(14). Pp. 311-327.

Bryant, R. (2011). Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder vs. Traumatic Brain Injury. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, Vol. 13 (3). Pp. 251-262.

Frey KL, Rojas DC, Anderson CA. and Arciniegas, DB. 2007. Comparison of the O-Log and GOAT as Measures of Posttraumatic Amnesia. Brain Injury, Vol. 21(5). Pp. 513-20.

Hajek, C. A., Yeates, K. O. and Wright, M. (2010). Relationships among Post-Concussive Symptoms and Symptoms of PTSD in Children Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Brain Injury, Vol. 24(2). Pp. 100-109.

Hoffman, J. M., Dikmen, S., Temkin, N. and Bell, K. R. (2012). Development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder after Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil., Vol. 93. Pp 287-292.

Pitman, R. K. (2010). Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Verses Traumatic Brain Injury. The American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 2. Pp. 1051-1054.

Ribbers, G. M. (2010). Brain Injury: Long Term Outcome after Traumatic Brain Injury. In: JH Stone, M Blouin, editors. International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation. Retrieved from <http://cirrie.buffalo.edu/encyclopedia/en/article/338/>

Richardson, L. K., Frueh, B., & Acierno, R. (2010). Prevalence estimates of combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder: critical review. Australian & New Zealand Journal Of Psychiatry, 44(1), 4-19. doi:10.3109/00048670903393597

Sbordone, R. J., Saul, R. E. and Purisch, A. D. (2007), Neuropsychology for Psychologists, Health Care Professionals, and Attorneys, Third Edition, USA: CRC Press.

Stoler, D. R. (1998), Coping with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, USA: Penguin.

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preview essay on Post traumatic stress disorder Vs. Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Unique neurobiological aspects in cognition, behavioral, emotional and interpersonal
  • Pages: 15 (3750 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Psychology
  • Level: Ph.D.
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