The definition of the Air Force of terrorism is strongly expressed with the words premeditated, violence, perpetrated against non-combatant targets, by sub-national groups or clandestine state agents and intended to influence an audience beyond the immediate victims (Heffron-Casserleigh & Merrick).
The purpose of this paper is to analyze if the left-right scales across eight Western European countries offer comparable citizen issue attitudes’ interval measure. Countries included in the research include Italy, Denmark, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Britain, Germany, and Ireland.
As illustrated widely by Cleveland and Martin (2013), the Arab-Israeli war had a great impact in shaping the attitudes of the participants. There were various events that this conflict resulted in, that shaped, at a great deal, the regional affairs in the Middle East.
Osama Bin Laden and Pablo Escobar are in the public limelight for the wrong reasons. While Osama engaged in a campaign of terrorist acts against the United States, Escobar, on the other hand, used all means, and including acts of violence to ensure his illicit drugs penetrated United States streets.