Their ideology is that of Salafist and according to them, there is no difference between religion and the state, and that all decisions are based on the interpretations of Islamic law (Friedland, 2014). The group’s ideology has its origin in the branch of modern Islam that mainly focuses on returning the traditional Islam and ignoring any emerging innovations in the religion, which it believes, interferes with the religion’s original spirit. Moreover, it criticizes later caliphates, which it claims that have deviated from pure Islam, and this is the main reason why it focuses on establishing its own caliphate.Structurally, the ISIS is headed by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi who has declared himself the caliph and requires all Muslims to obey him (Friedland, 2014). He has appointed advisors, minister and military commanders to assist in running the caliphate, and he has one assist in Syria and another one in Iraq. A hierarchy of commanders controls ISIS and each one of them has a specific role, and down the hierarchy, its own governor manages every province (Friedland, 2014). Homeland Security and Terrorism.
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Friedland, E. (2014). The Islamic State (ISIS) fact sheet. New York City: The Clarion Project.
Guiora, A.N. (2011). Homeland security: what is it and where are we going?. Florida: CRC Press.
Penn, E.B. (2013). Homeland security and criminal justice: five years after 9/11. London: Routledge.
Viotti, P., Opheim, M. and Bowen, N. (2008). Terrorism and homeland security: thinking strategically about policy. Florida: CRC Press.
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