This group claims religious authority over all Muslims globally and have absolute control over Islamic states. The United Nations and many countries have recognized the ISIS as a terrorist organization because of its violation of human rights. Notably, ISIS is one of the major terrorist groups that pose a threat to American security and the international security. America is one of the countries that view terrorism as not only a national challenge but also a global problem. Generally, the actions, authority and theological interpretations of this group have been widely condemned worldwide by different communities including some Muslim community who view ISIS as outsiders. Ideologically, the ISIS believes in an extreme interpretation of Islam as a religion and it enhances religious violence and considers those who disagree with its interpretations as infidels and treat them in an unfriendly and brutal manner. Their ideology is that of Salafist and according to them, there is no difference between religion and the state, and that all decisions are based on the interpretations of Islamic law (Friedland, 2014). The group’s ideology has its origin in the branch of modern Islam that mainly focuses on returning the traditional Islam and ignoring any emerging innovations in the religion, which it believes, interferes with the religion’s original spirit. Moreover, it criticizes later caliphates, which it claims that have deviated from pure Islam, and this is the main reason why it focuses on establishing its own caliphate.Structurally, the ISIS is headed by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi who has declared himself the caliph and requires all Muslims to obey him (Friedland, 2014). He has appointed advisors, minister and military commanders to assist in running the caliphate, and he has one assist in Syria and another one in Iraq. A hierarchy of commanders controls ISIS and each one of them has a specific role, and down the hierarchy, its own governor manages every province (Friedland, 2014).
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