Secondly, many immigrants are legalised through the method of the diversity visa lottery. The numbers of people who are naturalized are restricted by per country limits and numerical ceilings. According to the Immigration Bill, refugees are granted all humanitarian help in a foreign country and are resettled in the US. The Congress and the president set the refugee admission ceiling yearly (Hipsman & Meissner, 2013).Noncitizens residing in the US for studies, work or tourism, are eligible for the non-immigrant status. This status has restrictive terms and conditions related to duration of stay. The majority of non-immigrants are tourists and students. The increase in student visas has been led by a rise in students from China (Burt & Batalova, 2014).Notably, the Obama administration enacted the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program in 2012 (Burt & Batalova, 2014).The program protected young illegal immigrants from being deported and forced to work. However, this program applied only to those who came to USA as children, received education, and pose no threat to security. Policies such as the Children Health Insurance Program (CHIP) and No Child Left Behind Act were enacted to safeguard the interests of the immigrants and their smoother integration.The Congress is continuing in ensuring the rights of immigrants are upheld because of the immense effect the immigrants have on elections. The Latino voting population was 12 million, which consisted of ten Percent of the total voting population. The Democrats and Republicans are pushing for immigration reforms so as to win the allegiance of minority groups (Hipsman & Meissner, 2013).Immigration, integration is one aspect of immigration policies that is highly underfunded and only target small groups. Hospitals, churches, schools and other groups have taken center stage to initiate the integration of immigrants through English classes, health clinics and training of the immigrants (Hipsman & Meissner, 2013).The government is ensuring illegal immigration reduces through enforcing stricter measures in visa screening, border patrol, employment enforcement. Also, there are removal and deportation of criminals who have violated immigration regulations. Additionally, these measures are focused mainly on the US-Mexican Border. The government has invested billions in infrastructure, technology and personnel for the Border Patrol (Burt &
Burt, L. & Batalova, J. ( 2014). Refugees and asylees in the United States. Retrieved from http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/refugees-and-asylees-united-states
Hipsman, F., & Meissner, D. (2013). Immigration in the United States: new economic, social, political landscapes with legislative reform on the horizon. Retrieved from http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/immigration-united-states-new-economic-social-political-landscapes-legislative-reform
Landmark Publications & US Supreme Court. (2011). Marbury v. Madison 5 U.S. 137 (1803) (50 Most Cited Cases). New York, NY: Landmark Publications.
This Day in History. (2009). marbury v. madison establishes judicial review. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/marbury-v-madison-establishes-judicial-review
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