Regardless of the fact that their vulnerability is high, current efforts with respect to superfund initiatives have done very little to address the scenario. At this point, it is worth appreciating that environmental wellbeing greatly influences societal functioning. In particular, it determines the social as well as economic performance of a particular society. Thus it needs to be addressed effectively in order to enhance and sustain an upward growth. To a great extent, Bowen (2001) believes that environmental sustainability is used as a benchmark in measuring social equity. This is due to the realization that it greatly influences the holistic wellbeing of the society. Relative to this is the high cost that characterizes the superfund site cleanup initiatives. Arguably, the resources that are employed in cleaning the sites are immense. The fact that they are drawn from the public treasury requires that they should benefit all factions of the society. This would go a long way in enhancing social equity and promoting sustainable development.Under-representation of the minority populations in these important initiatives has had adverse impacts on the welfare of the affected populations as well as that of the entire society. In particular, it has led to increased poverty levels, further widening the social disparity between them and their White counterparts. This has been contributed to by their employment of significant resources in addressing the relative health problems. In his research, Downey (2005) found out that these populations suffer from terminal diseases that are associated with environmental pollution. Examples in this respect include cancer, cardiovascular problems, psychological problems such as schizophrenia and so forth. The resources that they employ in maintaining their health are immense and coupled with the recognition that they have lower incomes; this undermines their ability to achieve optimal economic growth and development.From a national point of view, the preceding state of affairs directly compromises the ability of the nation to attain both short term and long term economic goals. In light of environmental sustainability, current initiatives need to be reflective of the needs of both the current and future generations. According to Probst and Sherman (2004), respective measures need to
Bowen, W. (2001). Environmental justice through research based decision making. New York: Garland Publishing.
Bullard, R. (1993). Confronting environmental racism. Boston: South End Press.
Downey, l. (2005). Assessing environmental inequality: how the conclusions we draw vary according to the definitions we employ. Social Spectrum, 25, 349-369.
O’Neil, S. (2005). Environmental justice in the superfund cleanup process. Chestnut Hill: Boston College.
Probst, K. & Sherman, D. (2004). Success for superfund: A new approach for keeping score. Washington: Resources for the Future.
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