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Policy Brief on the New Era of Peace: Africa Essay Example

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Policy Brief on the New Era of Peace: Africa

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The discontented clans rose in arms against the Siad Barre government and finally in 1991, he was overthrown. The rebels overran Mogadishu, Somalia’s capital. Given that the factions that overthrew Siad Barre had no power-sharing plan, distrust and conflict soon arose amongst them. Efforts to reconcile the warlords bore no fruits and Somalia descended into territorial regimes headed by warlords and protected by community militias.Despite a heavy presence of peacekeeping troops in Mogadishu and reconciliation efforts, little was achieved in terms of progress until the intervention of Kenyan Forces into the Somalia Situation in 201l. By 2012, there was a new central government in place and a parliament. Kenya and Somalia share a common border that stretches for over 700 km. For a long time, Kenya observes a policy of non-interference in political matters of her neighbors. Kenya and Somalia are a home to the Somalis, an ethnic speaking community that was divided between the two sides of the political boundary. The Somalis in Kenya and Somalia are related and all speak the same native language. For that reason, Kenya avoided any direct interference in the affairs of the Somalia nation. It had also observed the same with Uganda, which suffered a series of military coups after coups in the 1980s.However, the last decade of the 20th century had new challenges. After the rise of the Al-Qaeda, Kenya suffered a terrorist attack in 1998 when the terror group targeted and successfully bombed a US embassy in her capital Nairobi. The situation in Somalia grew from bad to worse particularly the country is accessible from the Middle East through the Red Sea. Given such logistics, Somalia acted as a terrorists’ training ground. The Al-Shabaab terror group was born during this time. The Al-Shabaab crossed over into Kenya through the porous Kenya-Somalia border and reigned terror on UN aid workers in Dadaab refugee camp and Kenyan coastal region (Branch 1). The then Kenyan President, Mwai Kibaki, declared war against Al-Shabaab and sent Kenyan troops into Somalia. Kenyan interest in the war was that such instances of security threats were affecting her tourism industry. Many western powers such as the US and Britain constantly issued travel advisories on the advice of their intelligence.At sea, Somali militia launched one of the most daring piracies of the 21st Century. Somali pirates

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Works Cited

Branch, Daniel. Why Kenya Invaded Somalia: The Opening of an Aggressive New Chapter. The Council on Foreign Affairs Relations, November 2011. Accessed from http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/136670/daniel-branch/why-kenya-invaded- somalia

Center for American Progress. Somalia Conflicts: Roots of the Crisis. 2015. Accessed from http://www.enoughproject.org/conflict_areas/somalia/roots-crisis

Joe, Alexander. What A Downed Black Hawk In Somalia Taught America. 2013. Accessed from http://www.npr.org/2013/10/05/229561805/what-a-downed-black-hawk-in-somalia- taught-america

UN Report. Eritrea reduces support for al-Shabab. Aljazeera, July 17, 2012. Accessed from http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2012/07/2012716164543714168.html

Warsame, Hussein. Siad Barre’s Fall Blamed for Somalia’s Collapse into Civil War. Voice of America January 31, 2011. Accessed from http://www.voanews.com/content/siad-barre- fall-led-into-civil-war-020111-115008454/134345.html

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preview essay on Policy Brief on the New Era of Peace: Africa
  • Pages: 7 (1750 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Social science
  • Level: Masters
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