It is important to note that a judicial review is adopted if a decision not to list a particular species is undertaken by the US government. As stipulated by section 7(a) of the ESA, Secretary of the Interior should consult with the Federal agency to ensure that any action taken does not negatively affect any species. In order to protect polar bear from the impacts of global warming, FWS recommended the listing of the polar bear as an endangered species in 2006. This was due to the results of the warming climate on Arctic sea ice among other places. This recommendation by the FWS was implemented in 2008 by the US government (Kuhn, 2010). This resulted in the adoption of various actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, the US government imposed restrictions on importing polar bear parts into the US market. Major players in the polar bear management in Canada include academic researchers, government agencies, land-claim organizations as well as aboriginal governments. Additionally, Federal provincial territorial Polar Bear agency and federal provincial territorial polar bear technical committee works together to ensure strong linkage of all the stakeholders in polar bear management.As mentioned earlier, the expansion of the industries in US among other countries has highly contributed to global warming. For example, the extraction of minerals at the area neighboring Chukchi Sea, led to carbon emission that jeopardized the existence of the polar bear in the region. This led to intervention of the American Bar Association that ensured the compliancy of the companies with section 7 of the ESA that advocated for actions that resulted in emission of greenhouse gases. The population of the polar bears in the world is between 20,000 and 25,000 (Clark et al, 2008). According to Geological survey in US, if the melting of the Arctic ice continues, two-thirds of the entire polar bear population is under threat of being wiped out. This means that even though the US government is focused on increasing its petroleum volume, it has to adopt proper mechanisms to protect the polar bears (Cole, 2008). This is the base of some critics who argue that the politicians have diverted their attention to petroleum at the expense of the existence of polar bears.One of the major benefits of ESA as far as regulation of climate change is concerned is that it covers
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Jayme, H. (2011).Polar Bears Kept On Threatened Species List, Making Them Even More Threatened. Science/Natural Science. 7(15), 22-32. Available from http://www.treehugger.com/natural-sciences/polar-bears-kept-on-threatened-species-list-making-them-even-more-threatened.html Retrieved on May 19, 2012.
Kuhn, M. (2010).CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE POLAR BEAR: IS THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT UP TO THE TASK? Alaska Law Review, 27(1), 125-150. Available from http://scholarship.law.duke.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1041&context=alr Retrieved on May 19, 2012.
Laura N. (2008).What about the polar bears? The future of polar bears as an endangered species. New York: Villanova University Press. Available from http://www.animallaw.info/articles/arus19villenvtllj169.htm Retrieved on May 19, 2012.
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