Another conception that has solidly stuck in the Western conscious is that Islam is intolerable to other religions and beliefs. The best way to prove or reject this is to consult reference sources from the Islamic world itself, as it will allow receiving information without any interpretation or distortion. In Justice and Human Rights in Islam, Muhammad Tal’at Al-Ghunaimi argues hostile attitude others’ faith and gives a counter-argument that the Qur’an mandates that all persons in the Islamic state have freedom of thought and religion. The Qur’an also holds that “God will judge between those who believe and the Jews, the Sabians, Christians and the Magians and the idolaters, on the Day of Judgment”. This formally means that in Islamic states it is up to every person to decide which religion he or she shall choose and what he or she will think. In fact, the life demonstrates that this mandate of the Qur’an is often violated by terrorists, for example, in the last couple of years, there was an increase in terrorists’ attacks in Nigeria and other African countries on Christian communities resulting into numerous casualties. This is also partially right, as the society notices only some breaking news about terrorist acts and multiple deaths rather than quietness in Muslim countries in other parts of the world. Orientalism in Western Conceptions of the Islamic Tradition.
Al-Ghunaimi, Muhammad Tal’at. Justice and Human Rights in Islam (Gerald E.
Lampe ed., 1997), 5-6.
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Mamdani, Mahmood. Good Muslim, Bad Muslim: America, The Cold War, and the
Roots of Terrorism (New York: Pantheon, 2004), 32.
Nieuwkerk, Karin van. Women Embracing Islam: Gender and Conversion in the
West (Texas: University of Texas Press), retrieved 14 Mar. 2015.
Peletz, Michael G. Islamic Modern: Religious Courts and Cultural Politics in Malaysia
3 (Princeston: Princeston University Press, 2002), 6.
Reed, Melanie D. Western Democracy and Islamic Tradition: The Application of
Shari’a in a Modern World (American International Law Review 19, no. 3,
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