Therefore, conservation of the environment can help mitigate the occurrence of these natural disasters.Planning and preparedness is of vital essence for both management and mitigation of natural hazards and disasters. The following report, based on the book The communities and regions by Tom Daniels and Katherine Daniels, presents an analysis of how natural hazards and disasters can be prevented, through environmental protection at the local level. According to T. Daniels and K. Daniels (3), the issue of environmental protection is global and depends largely on timely and effective action at the local level. This report explains complex environmental issues and offers guidance to local governments on how to incorporate comprehensive planning into sustainable environmental quality in the local community. Once these guidelines are followed, they will help conserve the environment in the local community and in return help mitigate the occurrence and magnitude of natural hazards and disasters.According to T. Daniels and K. Daniels (11), planning as the process of making choices and organizing resources to achieve the set goals and objectives. Through planning, communities can minimize or even avoid water and air pollution, conversion of both farms and forestlands, loss of wild life as well as the overall degradation of the environment.Comprehensive planning refers to preparation of documents aimed at directing the current and future economic and physical development of a local government. Comprehensive planning is a continuous process and sets forth how a community will look, function and grow over a period of between 10 and 20 years (T. Daniels and K.The world is fast becoming more susceptible to natural hazards and disasters due to the increased population and inadequate planning of urban growth. In the past decades, there has been a dramatic and uncontrolled rise in the number of people living in urban cities within tropical cyclone and earthquake zones (Shaw et al 13). There has also been a rapid expansion in infrastructure neglecting safe building standards. As a result of poor planning decisions, hazardous facilities such as chemical factories and nuclear plants have been established in densely populated areas that are also prone to earthquakes.As discussed earlier, countries where
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West Virginia (Draft). Virginia: Virginia Tech Researchers, 2003. Print.
Daniels, Tom & Daniels, Katherine. Environmental Planning Handbook for sustainable communities and regions. Washington DC: American Planning Association, 2003. Print.
Shaw, Rajib et al. Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction. West Yorkshire: Emerald Group Publishing, 2010. Print.
Singh, Vijay & Xu, Jun. Coastal Hydrology and Processes. Colorado: Water Resources Publication, 2006. Print.
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