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Philosophy Essay

The vocabulary we have does more than communicate our knowledge; it shapes what we can know. Evaluate the claim with reference to different areas of knowledge.
A belief is a state of the mind of a certain sort, which can possess several properties. The theory of knowledge is concerned with such properties, with the difference between good and bad beliefs (Morton 1). Its importance in philosophy comes from two sources, one constructive and one destructive. The constructive reason is that philosophers have often tried to find better ways in which we can get our beliefs. For instance, they had scrutinized scientific method and tried to see whether
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The State and the Individual
Such issues form the basis of controversy and long drawn debates relative to public health in the US. The Supreme Court has described inter-state commerce as being amongst economic activities that impact the country’s economy. Given that the health care sector impacts the country’s economy, it becomes implied from this argument that the federal government has the right to control health care through legislation. Although the US Supreme Court and Constitution do not acknowledge the
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Tacit Consent Theroy
According to Locke, “a government can only be legitimate when its citizens have consented to it” (Greenwood). This means that unless the citizens consent to the dictates and laws of the government, this government may exist but will remain illegitimate. The citizens’ consent therefore is essential to determining the legitimacy of the government. If, therefore, the actions of the government – imposing laws and sanctions – are dependent upon this legitimacy, then these actions are all
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Theory of Knowledge class --
Thus, if one is having false knowledge, they are not in a position to act rationally but on the other hand, if they have true and credible knowledge, they will be in a position to act or behave rationally. It is vital to note that it is possible for people to act reasonably or rationality without their knowledge since they posses wrong knowledge. The only way to avoid such kind of situation is that individuals need to reason cautiously about any scenario before they act on it.Immanuel Kant
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Take home exam
There are other quotes that describe the position of McEwan in respect to life when he asserts that “the cost of oblivious daydreaming was always this moment of return, the realignment with what had been before and now seemed a little worse” (201). This quotes talks about proximity in life experiences. McEwan (178) points out that “a story was a form of telepathy. By means of linking symbols onto a page thoughts and feelings from her mind to her reader`s. It was a magical process, so
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The Case for Mental State in Relation to the Normal Organic Brain and Non-organic Brain
However, it would become odd to ask about the processes taking place in the hippocampus regions of the brain. These questions point to what is often referred to as the qualia, and it all difficult to give the mind a physical attribute (Kim, 1996). The crucial question is then that if the mental state exists independently, from the physical reality, it should be in the position to account the actual processes of memory construction to inform consciousness. Only duality is in better placed to
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The arguments that Socrates provides of the immortality of the soul in the book "Phaedo" by Plato
The spirit can never die and the assurance is that the soul that lives within the spirit shall continue to dwell in the spirit after death hence the immortality. Therefore, the Socrates were outraged by the death that takes away philosophers thus engineering them to explore more about the immortal being and its benefits. When a child is born, he thinks as a child and as that child progresses in life, he or she learns to be an adult. This does not matter whether the child would be a thinker or
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Topic: how would Fredrickson explain or define the contemporary social gay movement in USA
Truth, for philosophers, is self-evident. It does not require definition or identification to occur. It simply is. This has been explained in various ways by different philosophers. Thomas Aquinas, for example, argued that it is the case because truths are self-evident in itself and, hence, self-evident to us (p. Fredrickson explored this issue in detail when he talked about the truth that all men are created equal. He explained this particularly in his discourse on revolutions and upheavals
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The theological and political problem and the emergence of philosophy in the west and islam
The American bill of right, which is the most elaborate explanation of human liberties, seeks to defend the privileges of humanity; the privileges are based on equality human life, which is a basic teaching of all religions in the world. Religions therefore are the centerpiece of the social structures enjoyed in the world today. Coincidentally, the social structuring of the society results in the creation of the political structure (Manent 41). Religion extrapolation therefore by is responsible
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The Problem of Evil
However, based on that position, one is claiming that any evils in the world always result in overall good in the long run—which means causing harm is actually causing good and violating the laws of logic. Besides, Johnson responds by saying one would not accept such an explanation in “real life”, such as in a courtroom, where we evaluate the guilt or innocence of a defendant in the present, not in the distant future.Another avenue for a theist to pursue is the idea that God gave man free
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Take a closer look at James L. Mackie and argue if he was justified in claiming that believers in an omnibenevolent God are irrational
Infinitely good as the believers in the omnipotent God believe, then there would be no evil in the world because evil would be inconsistent with the nature of God. Mackie argues that an infinitely loving/good God would not allow his creations, the human beings, to suffer evils in the world because, as a loving and infinitely powerful being, God would eliminate evil from the world completely. For this reason, Mackie argued that the only way one can account for the reality of evil in the world is
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The Philosophy of Mind
Doubted ideas coming from the senses because “from time to time I have found that the senses deceive, and it is prudent never to trust completely those who have deceived us even once” (Wilson 37). Evidently this argument encouraged questioning much of the established knowledge, and eliminating them as potential groundwork of thought. All ideas of the physical world might be untrue, since knowledge of them arises from the untrustworthy senses. Moreover, the presence of the physical body was
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The Cosmological Argument
The five reasons that prove God exists are significant in that they present the fact that some things in the world are in motion and the only explanation for this is God. Indeed, it is undisputable that all things in the world are subject to change and that something is responsible for moving everything that is in motion since nothing can move by itself (Fordham University 1). This cosmological argument notes that it is necessary to establish the initial mover that causes motion and is not in
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The Frivolity of Evil
In this sense, he highlights his experience in dealing with Britain’s violent offenders. By examining the histories of such people, a notable experience with violence tainted their upbringing. Their existence entailed violence just as the inhabitants of places ruled through violent tyranny. The person becomes his sole and independent dictator who uses one’s defined and undefined sphere of tyranny.He argues that violence in the miniature sphere eventually spills into the streets. In the
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Thomas Nagel, "death"
There are a number of critics who can consider the hypothesis to be overly presented within the context. The usage of counter arguments as presented by the author surely presented death to be the end of existence but it does not formally answer the questions. In simpler words, the claims and arguments within the article rather leave more questions to be answered. For instance, the understanding of the article by Nagel has been closely underpinned for further research by David Banach. According
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Theory of knowledge
When looking at pieces of art, people judge them based on what they see and what they think based on what they see. However, this is not to say that people do not use reason when judging pieces of art because to differentiate a piece of art from another, one must use reason. However, this shows that in most cases, people use intuition more than reason in judging Art. Reason is based on the use of logic and deductive processes. However, Daniel Kahneman states that people reach conclusions before
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There are only two ways in which humankind can produce knowledge through passive observation or through active experiment. To what extent do you agree with this statement?
Be 100 percent sure that what we know is true, a degree of certainty is acceptable hence something is true beyond reasonable doubt (Stuart, 2000).Belief is to believe what you claim to know as true is true (Stuart, 2000). It is having confidence or strong conviction that what you claim to know is true. For example, if you hold the truth that telling lies is wrong, then you should have the conviction to say that you know that it is true. For Lagemaat, belief and knowledge lay in a continuum
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The evil-god challenge
Law claims that the explanation of such phenomenon as natural disasters which destroy and cripple the lives of sentient inhabitants is His will to prevent a greater tragedy that is invisible for people. This is the first-order evil which needs the second-order good (theodicy) as a world’s virtue, for example. In this respect the suspicion or hypothesis of evil god arises. People just don’t understand how can a good god allow such bad things to happen? Law says that ignorance of the causes
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The difference between hard determinism and compatibilism
The hard determinists understand an interrelated set of normative terms based on self-formation. Hard determinism believed free choice as a decision that could have been made otherwise up to the very point it was made. The view assumes that the initiation of the actions entails both voluntariness and origination.The basis of the soft determinism is the determinism compatibility with the responsibility and freedom. People’s actions are free as long as they are the causal of the deeds. Freedom
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Texting while driving
The answer will obviously be based on the idea that it endangers other people’s lives (Rachels, and Stuart). Now coming back to the current scenario, it is argued that texting does not tamper with people’s intellect like drugs and alcohol. However, it is important to note that texting and driving greatly affect the sense of sight, a key element while driving. It is on this ground that everything about it becomes wrong.Taking the ideas carried in the consequentialism theory of morality and
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