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Philosophy Essay

Blaise Pascal's Wager
If there is a God, He is infinitely incomprehensible, since, having, neither parts nor limits, He has no affinity to us. We are then incapable of knowing either what He is or if He is. Let us weigh the gain and the loss in wagering that God is. Let us estimate these two chances. If you gain, you gain all; if you lose, you lose nothing. Wager then without hesitation that he is.
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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God's existence
According to William Paley, heavenly bodies wander with perfect accuracy in their fixed paths the orbits. Every living organism possess a complex life form meeting various metabolic processes and their requirements every second. These intricacies just happen and it is solely the creation of God.Although these arguments could convince millions but in the present scenario of developing science, understanding about the evolution of life and various life forms, evolution of planets and the
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Defend your view of the ethical obligations of advertisers to consumers
In the research made as of the quality for Fiji water, the above bottled water was found to include arsenic (6.3 micrograms/ liter) while in the tap water of Cleveland no such ingredient was identified. In accordance with the above, tap water can be characterized as better for consumers, compared to the bottled water. The advertisements based on the argument that bottled water is better for consumers compared to tap water should be rejected as invalid.Another common argument used by advertisers
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Logics - Analysis of a chosen article (Inductive, deductive, analogical reasoning etc)
The author tries to explain all those issues in a simple, but comprehensive manner so that anybody who decide to perform abortion may think twice or thrice before doing so, after reading this article. In short, the author succeeded in persuading the readers of this article to argue against abortion.I have heard it argued that we do not treat any other species in the traditional way — that is, we do not assign equal rights to all mice. Some we kill (those that get into our houses and prove to
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Descartes third meditation
In the Third Meditation, Descartes further claims that, fundamentally, God’s existence as his maker is a circumstance of his taking part in inquiry informed by the method of doubt. This allows him to analyze with absolute confidence that God made him, and hence that all he knows ‘clearly’ and ‘distinctly’ to be factual, is factual. God’s existence, in that case, is an external state of Descartes’s doubt (Gaukroger 2006). Apparently, God is not external with regard to taking up a
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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The Mind-Body Problem and Freedom and Determinism Problem
This theory was realized by philosopher Descartes.Mental states have a character which is qualitative in nature. This character is usually known as qualia. When one is aware of his or her conscious state, then the only thing in question is oneself. A distinct and unique feature about our consciousness is that we have knowledge of them which means that when we are conscious, we know we are and we know how we are but we do not infer this knowledge (Dretske 56). Intention is another feature of the
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
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Kant's Categorical Imperative
He also suggests that humans should treat humanity as an end to itself and never merely as a means to their ends. This implies that humans should perceive their race as having the ability to accomplish many different issues. They should not treat humans as a means to satisfying their needs but rather as a means through which they can achieve their targets (Kant, p. Finally, the philosopher suggests that humans should act as though they are members in the kingdom of ends in which they are
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Comparative Essay on Utilitarianism
Implies that there could be a more profound failure to appreciate that such beliefs are often exhibited by the agent’s individual projects and obligations. Therefore, to realize an objective threshold of moral practices, utilitarianism eventually soils an individual’s honor by turning right action immaterial to those initiatives and obligations.Whereas Williams (606-622) perceives that the grounds for the effectiveness of consequentialist moral revolve around to immoral thoughts about moral
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Philosophy of Science take home exam III
He also argues for a ‘foundational concept in ecology – that of an ecological community’ echoing other contributors to the debate. He views ethics as a branch of science examining what is ‘good’ and what is ‘right’ and also the relation between the two concepts. Ethics is about objective properties like ‘richness, diversity and harmony’ and not merely our subjective opinions of them. Even the old ideal of a value-free science was founded on ethical-subjectivist notions
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Case 43: Unlicensed Engineer
If so, then that action is morally permissible (Johnson, sec.Kant further delineates categories of duties based upon results gained from the Categorical Imperative. These categories are perfect duties, imperfect duties, and morally permissible acts. If you formulate a maxim, which fails the third step in the CI, then it is a perfect duty, meaning you have an absolute duty to refrain from the act in any circumstances, regardless of the consequences (Johnson, sec. If your maxim passes the third
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Why it is good to be good or why it is Goodness Constructive
Socrates also shows through his arguments that certain rules which allow a group to act in common help them reach their goals and there is justice in that. Thrasymachus already praised before the need to follow a set of rules. Lastly, Socrates argues that if justice is a virtue of the soul, and the virtue of the soul refers to the health of the soul, justice is attractive because it contributes to the health of the soul. Socrates asks: “Then the just is happy, and the unjust miserable?”
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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PHRE 337: Argument Summaries
Central place in Locke’s political writings (Atherton, 1999:47), which can also be viewed in association with his opinion about scientific inventions and advancements. It is partly due to the very reality that scientific discoveries are also the outcome of the scientists’ curiosity for exploring the countless phenomena of nature with the help of observation and empirical estimation. Hence, God and the universe on the one hand, and natural law and scientific discoveries are interrelated
Pages: 9 (2250 words), Essay
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Mid term paper
Therefore, by simply emphasizing the non-extendedness and thinking capacity of the mind, and by equally emphasizing the extendedness and thinking incapacity of the body, Descartes now sees the distinction between the body and the mind. There might, however, be some objections regarding this.First, Descartes may have failed to take into account that by emphasizing the distinction between the mind and the body, it does not follow that one can say that the mind is not identical to the body. The
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Hegel Art Analysis
For this to happen, divine freedom must be expressed to achieve the real ideology of beauty. This must be supported by the spiritual freedom. A historical forecast or speculation can be appended a meaning with respect to an artwork. This shows an element of inheritance in the overall beauty. The problem arises as to whether the art itself can be used as a substitute of religion. The element of humankind and consciousness experiences a compromise. This destroys the picture.The activity is
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Descartes and letters exchanged between Elizabeth of Bohemia on the body-mind problem
Descartes also take issue with Machiavelli’s recommendation that the prince should sometimes feel free to dishonor promises (Descartes says this would ruin the prince’s reputation), and insists that the prince should steer clear of the people’s contempt and hatred. In an important passage for the interpretation by Regnault, Descartes examines Machiavelli’s suggestion, in chapter 15, that because the world is corrupt, it is inevitable that one will self-destruct if he always wants to be
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Critical Analysis Essay
This failure to understand the differences between intra and cross cultural relativism is the one which led ethicist like Abraham Edel to write “If cultural relativism is a sociological truth, then your morality judgment of good and bad, right and wrong) is a function (cause) of your domicile. If moral norms and values assertions are expressive (subjective), it all depends on your feelings…” (Edel 27-28). Cultural relativism only has relevance between cultures and not within a specific
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Death Penalty, Kantian Ethics, and Utilitarianism
So, they hold the argument that life imprisonment isolates the bad people from the society forever, which should result in the satisfaction of all, the wronged and the wrong doers and the society in large. Then why opt for such a brutal punishment as the death penalty? But do we really know the consequences of any of our action? The repercussions and reverberations of a single action can span decades or even centuries. For me, the threat of an immediate punishment of death is the biggest
Pages: 9 (2250 words), Essay
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PHI201 MOD 2 CA
This interference tends to take many forms; however, its paradigmatic forms happen to be coercion and manipulation. Concerning coercion, the judgment by Aristotle get balanced since it is dependent on what act my coercer is demanding from me, as well as the threats he is making.On the other hand, there are some actions, which tend to be extremely heinous that we must be blamed for carrying them out, whatever a person gets threatened with, together with whatever blame also tends to be attached
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Critically discuss Platos theory of the psyche and relate it with managing today
According to Plato, the psyche is not made of substance and it is immortal. Plato divided human psyche into three components – the rational, affective and appetitive. In simple terms, examples of appetites or desires are thirst, hunger, etc. The ability to overcome the appetites is the function of the rational. And the appetitive, also called the Spirit is the moral compass as attuned by social norms. He defined conflict as a “struggle between the rational and the appetitive portions
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Death: A Dead Concept
 No one can escape the phenomenon of death and therefore, this has become a dreaded circumstance for people. When faced with the knowledge of a malignant disease existing in an individual’s body, a person comes close to the realization that soon enough he will not be existing physically, that he will soon die. 
Pages: 3 (750 words), Essay
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