Another point that should be mentioned is the notion of good will (Paton, 1971, p. This means that the consequences of the action may not fully define the nature of the action, but it is good will of the subject that also should be taken into account. Indeed, if a person performs action that is largely considered to be a moral one because of the reasons that are not considered to be moral, it is obvious that on the whole the action will not be recognized as a good one. Finally, one of the most essential standards of Categorical imperative is performing action regardless of the negative consequences that it might produce. In other words, a person should not be afraid to do the right thing even if it has a negative impact in the short run.Speaking of the second theory, namely Justice as fairness, one may need to recall the following principles. The most important one is liberty principle. According to it, every person is entitled to basic liberties and neither government nor other people are able to limit these liberties (Rawls & Kelly, 2001, p. In other words, there is a fundamental standard that every person should be granted access to regardless of conditions. The next principle within the theory is equality principle, but it is divided into two aspects. The first one is Fair Equality of Opportunity which stipulates that people should not only be granted with an equal right to success, but also with an equal chance to do so (Jacobs, 2004, p. This shows that this approach should not exist in theory only, but also be applied in practice. In addition to that, it is important to keep in mind difference principle which highlights the fact that inequality in the society should be supported exclusively in case it brings benefits to the worse-off. This is thought to balance the fact that people are born with a different set of skills and abilities, for example physical condition, which will later give them an advantage in life.Now one should think about the possible variant of incorporating the above mentioned values into the personal leadership plan. Thus, the idea of not treating people as means, but only as ends it quite suitable for the working environment. This calls for the leader to respect his or her followers and make sure that they are not turned into faceless units that are used to perform the task. So, a correct attitude to them should be developed. Secondly, the concept of good may
Cornman, J., & Lehrer, K. (1968). Philosophical problems and arguments; an introduction. New York, NY: Macmillan.
Follesdal, A., & Maliks, R. (2013). Kantian theory and human rights. London: Routledge.
Jacobs, L. (2004). Pursuing equal opportunities the theory and practice of egalitarian justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Paton, H. (1971). The categorical imperative: A study in Kants moral philosophy. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Rawls, J., & Kelly, E. (2001). Justice as fairness: A restatement. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
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