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The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art Essay Example

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The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art

The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art. The building is planned with a central corridor which is about 15 feet wide, with rooms on either side. The first floor of the building, houses the library, art studios and offices, while a mezzanine floor has a conservation laboratory, the boardroom and the plumbing. The museum’s collection or the artworks are housed on the second floor, called the Gallery, where the corridor is intersected by a Rotunda which is about 526" x 382".Pennsylvania, being an industrial city, Frank Furness could freely use “riveted iron truss that held aloft the great weight of the blind wall of the north façade.” (Lewis)Above the Gallery is the attic made up of iron trusses, with iron “I” beams which have been left exposed, another revolutionary design detail.

These are supported by banded double iron columns with capitals. Iron trusses can also be seen in the lights above the studio and have floral patterns which may have been inspired by Owen Jones "Grammar of Ornament.The façade of the building follows the tripartite composition made up of a highly central part crowning two wings. Over the double door, is placed a large Gothic window with stone tracery and the roofs being in mansard. The building pays tribute to the artists of yore by depicting them in a bas-relief frieze. The main entrance also contains terra-cotta stat­u­ary, encaustic tiles, while on the Cherry Street side can be seen a colonnade which supports arched windows, behind which are the transept and the pointed gable.htm, retrieved on 21.The entrance of the building is made in typical Furness style with a narrow foyer opening out to reveal a grand staircase. This staircase has two ramps which come together on the mezzanine and then lead to the second floor. One of the “oddest details in a building saturated with odd details” is the stair rail, made up of a mechanical apparatus, having “disks that are riveted on spindles, as if they were universal joints.” (Lewis) The staircase has banisters made of bronze and mahogany and the wall and floor are tiled in bright colors.The whole area is surrounded by Gothic arches which support walls studded with gold rosettes. The ceiling is blue in color with silver stars twinkling back at the retrieved on 21.09) At the dedication of the building, Rogers, described the various. The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art.

References

Amir H. Ameri. On The Place Of Culture In The Theoretical Edifice Of Architecture

http://www.colorado.edu/envd/courses/ENVD4114-001/Portfolio/Publications/Article%20PDF/Place%20of%20Culture.pdf

Fairman Rogers, chairman of the building committee. The Philadelphia Inquirer on April 24, 1876

http://www.brynmawr.edu/iconog/uphp/AABN/bldglst.html

Frank Furness: Architecture and the Violent Mind.(Review)~(book review) Publication: New Criterion. Publication Date: 01-JUN-01

OGorman, James F., et al., The Architecture of Frank Furness. Philadelphia Museum of Art; 1973.

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, National Historic Landmark ...

http://www.livingplaces.com/PA/Philadelphia_County/Philadelphia_City/Pennsylvania_Academy_of_the_Fine_Arts.html

Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia

http://eng.archinform.net/projekte/6508.htm

Schmertz, Mildred. AMERICAN ARCHITECT AND BUILDING NEWS

LETTERS FROM PHILADELPHIA October 14, 1876 Pages 334-336

Strahan (ed.), Edward (1875). A Century After, picturesque glimpses of Philadelphia and Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: Allen, Lane & Scott and J. W. Lauderbach.

The Historic Landmark Building | Pennsylvania Academy of ...

http://www.pafa.org/Museum/Research-Archives/The-Buildings/Landmark-Building/63/

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preview essay on The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art
  • Pages: 5 (1250 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Architecture
  • Level: Masters
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