The notion that we are should interfere with natural processes in order to achieve harmony transforms the perception of nature. “rather than serving as nature’s assistant, the person now becomes its controller. There was a thorough rejection to the idea that the stars controlled man, that we were passively submitting to matter. Nevertheless, the interest in astrology was not completely eliminated; but as it happened with alchemy, they became less appealing at the face of new physical theories that rationally explained the universe.As the author explains, “when theology ceased to guarantee that meaning and value would be given with the world, it fell upon the mind to define or invent them” (p. This lies at the core of humanism and the modern era. Reason as the source for explanations, man at the center of the universe.Causanos and Bruno’s theories, as discussed by the author, present first, the notion of immanence of God, the infiniteness of the universe, and thus developed interesting ideas about the planetary movements and the rejection of a fixed center and of the word soul.On the other hand, Bruno expands the notion of infinite, questioning if there is a need for even considering the possibility of a finite universe –that is a universe constrained by space and time-, because a perfect God according to him “must reveal himself in an infinite number of worlds.In Bruno’s thoughts, lies the idea of a certain divinity within matter. Nature again, was seen to have creative powers. This “Noncreacionist pantheism”, as referred to by the. Passage to Modernity Dupre.
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