Authoritative managers are characteristic for control cultures with their order, predictability and conservatism and participative managers often can be found in the companies with collaboration culture that treasure the quality of relationships and aim to build highly cohesive teams with hight participation in running the company.Forecasting a manager’s effectiveness is much more difficult than e. determining personal traits that are the most characteristic for the leaders. Situational factors were eventually taken into consideration – and that is how situational theories of management occurred. The connection between management and leadership style and effectiveness of the manager presupposed that certain style a is suitable in certain situations x, whereas the style b is suitable in the situations y. One of the most widely used and consistent approaches to the issue of management style is the “path-goal theory” developed by Robert House – this is the situational model of management whose essence is in the presupposition that the manager should help his subordinates in achieving their goals and ensure support or/and control necessary to correlate these goals with the goals of team or company. House also determined four models of manager’s behaviour, two of them being authoritative (directive) leader and participative leader. (Path-Goal theory 2009, np)Authoritative leader, in accordance with House’s theory, makes sure that the subordinates understand what is expected from them, and gives to them directions and recommentations concerning how to fo their work and how to plan it. Participative leader advises with his subordinates on all issues and takes into account their opinions while taking decisions. House’s “path-goal” theory includes the thesis that managers can be flexible, and one and the same leader can demonstrate any of the four behaviour models in different situations.Authoritative management should be preferred when the tasks set to the employees are dubious and the deadlines ae tense, whereas it would not be appropriate if people are highly gifted and have long-term experience of work in the field. Authoritative management is also good in case there is a conflict within the team.One of the criteria according to which management styles are differentiated is participation of subordinates in management of the company. Three main styles have been singled out by the researchers: authoritative (when
Bakhtari, Hassan. (1995). Cultural effects on management style: a comparative study of American and Middle Eastern management styles. International studies of management & organization, 25 (3), 97 – 103.
Houghton, J.R. (1993). Its time for a new management system. USA Today, 121 (2574), 62.
Morris, T. & Pavett, C.M. (1992). Management style and productivity in two cultures. Journal of International Business Studies, 23 (1), 169 – 173.
Path-goal theory. (2009). Retrieved March 17, 2009 from 12manage website: http://www.12manage.com/methods_path_goal_theory.html
Schulz, J.W, Hauck, L.C. & Hauck, R.M. (2001). Using the power of corporate culture to achieve results: a case study of Sunflower Electric power corporation. Management Quarterly, 42 (2), 2 – 8.
Semler, R. (1995). Maverick: the success story behind the worlds most unusual workplace. Grand Central Publishing.
Simmons, J. (1999, November/December). Participation provides hope for the new millennium. Journal for Quality & Participation, 22 (6), 64. Retrieved March 19, 2009 from UMUC Academic library database.
Steinheider, B. & Wuestewald, T. (2008, May). From the bottom-up: sharing leadership in a police agency. Police Practice & Research, 9 (2), 145 – 163. Retrieved March 19, 2009 from UMUC Academic library database.
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples