The Fathers abhorred the separation of politics and religion. In combats and warfare, they did not push on luck but instead relied on the Word of God etched in their hearts and mind. This moral articulation of the Fathers was the clandestine element that upheld the Republic against its material backdrop, against the enemies’ impenetrable numbers, and against the dominance of England.Nevertheless, despite the religious background of the American nation, developments in England such as the new scientific methods and the initiation of the Parliamentary government were likewise absorbed into the nation’s milieu. The exporting of scientific, social, and political treatises from Britain contributed much to the American enlightenment. The Protestantism or Puritanism that reigned in the colonies of America began to take a new secularize form due to the entrance of the liberalized ideas from the Old World. In politics, America seized hold of the Two Treatises on Government by John Locke who is a radical political theorist; they supposed that Britain’s debilitating decision to strip away the God-given gift liberties of the American people consumed the mutual bond that ties Americans and British together. The Americans became great believer of radical ideas of representation, contractual government, and natural rights. The political thought that emerged in America at that period became a melting pot of Enlightenment thought, Puritan theology, common sense philosophy, English common law, and their distinctive colonial experiences. Consequently, the concept of a representative government or democracy that will advance individual freedom and liberty was borne out of the secular ideas from England. The foundation of the American nation is neither religious alone nor secular alone. The American Revolution that germinated to a Declaration of Independence put forth the concepts of freedom and democracy laden with both influence from theocracy and the material.The Civil War and Reconstruction in America created bitter rivalry between the Northern States and the Southern States. One of the most fought on issues during this period was slavery. Both the abolitionist and the defenders of slavery resorted for justification to the most powerful apparatus of any national religion, the Bible. The divine prose is laden with symbols liberally open to all kinds of humanly interpretations; and
Mitchell, Joseph R. World History: Volume 2- 1500 to Present. Dubuque: McGraw Hill/ Dushkin, 2005.
Perry, Marvin. A History of the World. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1988.
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