Shintoism as a religion worships spirits called "Kami" which may be anything out of the ordinary, may possess the superior power or just anything that may be awe-inspiring. This definition of "kami" or spirits to be worshiped played a vast influence in the set of loyalties that the nation had at the time. The followers of Shintoism generally worship nature that ranges from rocks, rivers, waterfalls, moon and so forth. Shintoism also worships charismatic people, commonly defined as the emperor, and lastly, they also worship abstract concepts like fertility and growth. The followers of Shintoism are expected to follow four affirmations in their everyday lives and in their ways of thinking. These affirmations are to the family, cleanliness, nature worship and matsuri which pertains to fiestas and festivals dedicated to the spirits "kami". Ancient Japan is well known for images of geishas, samurais and great battles were better known as the Tokugawa period. However, Classical Japan, also known as the Heian era, is more peaceful in comparison. The capital of Japan moved to Heian-Kyo in 796, which translates to the “capital of peace and tranquility” which will, later on, be known as Kyoto. Emperors were strong during the early parts of this period and had a continuing relationship with China. (1) In 894, the communications between Japan and China ceased to non-existent and Chinese influence to the Japanese nation gravely declined. It is then that the nation truly developed its own culture and society. The Heian era is a period known for the manifestation of great arts and music like “gagaku” which is an imperial court music and poetry. Gagaku was a tradition introduced by China which was then performed during special occasions. (2) The great influence of Shintoism will be seen through the unsparing ritual feasts which have started to take place in temples and have been recorded in various diaries and novels.
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