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Organic compounds Essay Example

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Organic compounds

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Like so many other nerve medications, a tolerance to valium and/or a dependence upon it oftentimes exists within the patient that is prescribed such a drug for a relatively long period of time. As such, the need to gradually decrease the usage of this drug in tandem with other approaches to stress management is oftentimes employed for those that are at risk of pharmacological dependence.As one might recognize and understand, the strength of prescription diazepam is an order of magnitude more powerful as compared to the strength of herbal valerian root. The widespread use of valium as a method for treating those that suffer from nervous conditions, OCD, panic attacks, and stress is so widespread as to further underscore the pharmaceutical importance and need for this particular naturally occurring compound.Additionally, the second naturally occurring compound that will be analyzed is that of 4,10-bis(acetyloxy)-13-{[(2R,3S)- 3-(benzoylamino)-2-hydroxy-3-phenylpropanoyl]oxy}- 1,7-dihydroxy-9-oxo-5,20-epoxytax-11-en-2-yl benzoate; also known as the cancer drug “Taxol”. Existing in its natural form within the Pacific Yew tree, researchers came to synthesize this particular drug in early 1950s and 1960s. Once it was determined to have a positive impact with respect to retarding the growth and spread of cancer cells, further studies and eventual production of Taxol was effected in the early 1970s. As such, Taxol exists within an entire family of cytoskeleton drugs that help to target tubulin; a globular protein that is instrumental in the growth and development of further cancer cells. By encouraging further deformation of the mitotic assembly that these cells would otherwise have, Paclitaxel (Taxol), and drugs like it, provide a mechanism through which infected/cancerous cells face a situation in which their chromosomes are unable to trigger cell growth and development; inhibiting their further spread and decreasing the overall levels of cancer that are represented within the individual patient (Xueqing et al. Whereas paclitaxel (taxol) is naturally occurring, like the case of valium that has been referenced above, scientists and pharmacologists employ synthetic means to create this particular compound during the current era. Furthermore, even though it is true that this compound is naturally occurring, it does not, unlike

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Reference

Xueqing, Wang, et al. "Cell-Cycle Synchronization Reverses Taxol Resistance Of Human Ovarian Cancer Cell Lines." Cancer Cell International 13.1 (2013): 1-8. Academic Search Complete. Web. 4 June 2014.
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preview essay on Organic compounds
  • Pages: 4 (1000 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Chemistry
  • Level: Undergraduate
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