When oil spills the oil generally floats on water because it is lighter than water. The environmental impacts that this has been more damaging than can be conceived and thus the need to curb this oil spills. The spills usually have substantial impacts on marine larvae, birds, mammals, and fish. Among the most affected are the vast numbers of sea mammals in the oceans that face extinction and deaths. Birds, if exposed to oil that has spilled, fail to repel water and their feathers lack the insulating ability which eventually leads to death. There are many advanced ways of controlling oil spills and ensuring that they have minimal impacts on the human health and the environment. The main aspect to check here is the careful selection of the needed equipment and the efficient use of the tools which are selected based on the type of oil and conditions at the spill site (Cheremisinoff and Davletshin, 2010, p.104). Damage to sea and water shores can be controlled by ensuring that oil spills are controlled on time and that the most appropriate recovery equipment is used. Among the common equipment include mechanical forms such as the use of barriers, booms, skimmers, natural and synthetic sorbent instruments all of which capture and store the spills until much later where they can be disposed safely.Chemical processes are also used together with biological means to ensure clean-up of the environment at sea. This includes the use of dispersing and gelling agents to ensure that the leaked oil does not get to the shores and to the natural habitats in sensitive areas. The physical aspects include pressure washing, wiping with sorbent materials, bulldozing and raking along the shorelines to facilitate the inefficient natural processes of evaporation and oxidation (Balson, Craddock, Dunlop and Frampton, 2002, p.219). Scare tactics are linked with the protection of the wildlife especially the birds and other animals so as to ensure that get further away from the spills.
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