104). Damage to sea and water shores can be controlled by ensuring that oil spills are controlled on time and that the most appropriate recovery equipment is used. Among the common equipment include mechanical forms such as the use of barriers, booms, skimmers, natural and synthetic sorbent instruments all of which capture and store the spills until much later where they can be disposed safely.Chemical processes are also used together with biological means to ensure clean-up of the environment at sea. This includes the use of dispersing and gelling agents to ensure that the leaked oil does not get to the shores and to the natural habitats in sensitive areas. The physical aspects include pressure washing, wiping with sorbent materials, bulldozing and raking along the shorelines to facilitate the inefficient natural processes of evaporation and oxidation (Balson, Craddock, Dunlop and Frampton, 2002, p.219). Scare tactics are linked with the protection of the wildlife especially the birds and other animals so as to ensure that get further away from the spills. Environment is damaged by oil and gas.
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