They hunted and snared game large and small, from deer and antelope to grasshoppers and birds, gathered wild seeds and fruits, and made some use out of nearly every object within their horizon” (Brandon, 2003: 395). The reason these peoples spread in the way they did is the subject of much study, but requires some basic knowledge of the people themselves.The tribes of the Great Basin are grouped together not only by their geographic locations, but also by their language group, which is basically Shoshone, also referred to as Numic. Most of the people associated with these tribes are also physically characteristically Shoshone, “short-legged and dark skinned” (Brandon, 2003: 395). Shoshone tribes that have been identified as having taken long-term residence in these regions include the Gosiute and the Rocky Mountain Shoshone such as the Comanche. Of these tribes, there were wide differences in style of living as the former remained incredibly poor while the latter lived lavish lifestyles that made much of the richness of their lands. Those who fall under the Shoshone umbrella were not the only peoples who inhabited the Great Basin region, however. Other tribes sharing the Shoshone characteristics living in this region included the Utes, who ranged throughout Utah and into the Colorado Rockies, and the Paiute, who lived primarily in Nevada and along its borders.There were also tribes who did not fit within the Shoshone tribal language systems, but who shared some of the characteristics of the Basin tribes. These included the Washo in the Reno / Lake Tahoe region, the Klamaths and the Modocs, who made their livings along the California / Oregon border. These latter two tribes were especially known for their fierce, warlike tendencies (Brandon, 2003: 396). Some of these tribes were the remnants of earlier hunter tribes that lived primarily by hunting whatever big game could be had at the fringes of the basin region. “Abundant milling equipment dating back to 9000 B. indicates that by then people were shifting away from big game hunting, depending more and more on wild plants for food. People of that period left behind other evidence of their way of life; wooden digging sticks, netting and basketry” (Garbarino, 1985: 203). In addition, it is believed limited resources forced these tribes to adopt other survival skills in order to live deeper in the desert regions.By studying the descendents
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