Facebook Pixel Code
x
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Are Neuroscientists Able to Explain Human Consciousness Essay Example

Show related essays

Are Neuroscientists Able to Explain Human Consciousness

This is a preview of the 7-page document
Read full text

Are Neuroscientists Able to Explain Human Consciousness. Such a position does not go far enough, however. Any attempt to account for higher brain functions in terms of the physical organization of the brain itself and of its constituent neurons is confronted sooner or later with the need for a detailed analysis of consciousness based on brain structure.Neurobiologists begin to define ‘Consciousness’ ostensively by contrasting situations where it is present and absent—for example, situations where one is conscious of something as opposed to not being conscious of that thing. That is, consciousness can partly be defined in terms of the presence or absence of phenomenal content. ‘Mind’, by contrast, refers to psychological processes that may or may not have associated conscious contents.

There is considerable evidence, for example, for a ‘cognitive unconscious’. And ‘soul’ traditionally refers to some essential aspect of human identity that survives bodily death.Another relatively safe bet is the claim that the way in which the world is modeled by an organism in its conscious experience has been biologically useful for the creature in its evolutionary history. This phenomenological model of the world has improved the likelihood of the organisms survival and the production of offspring more than other kinds of phenomenological organization have done or the absence of conscious experience could have done. Although it is difficult to trace the evolution of consciousness as long as we do not know the neurobiology on which it is based, it is encouraging that even ethologists have started to take the animals point of view and talk about their mental states and consciousness (Cheney & Seyfarth, 1990).Although philosophers never abandoned talk about consciousness quite as completely as did neuroscientists, consciousness was rarely treated explicitly as the main topic during the murky days of behaviorism. Identity theorists, by contrast, unashamedly asked the question, "Is Consciousness a Brain Process?" (Place, 1956). The three most prominent manifestations of the problem were the recurrent discussions and arguments about subjectivity, qualia, and intentionality.Perhaps the most remarkable landmark of the consciousness and subjectivity as the main focus of the philosophy of mind was the publication of Thomas Nagel classic article, "What Is It Like to Be a Bat?" in 1974. In this article, Nagel analyzed what it means for an. Are Neuroscientists Able to Explain Human Consciousness.

This is a preview of the 7-page document
Open full text

Reference

:

W. James, Psychology: Briefer Course ( New York: Henry Holt, 1893), 468.

Cheney D. L., & Seyfarth R. M. ( 1990). How monkeys see the world: Inside the mind of another species. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Place U. T. ( 1956). "Is consciousness a brain process?" British Journal of Psychology, 47, 44-50.

Nagel T. ( 1974). "What is it like to be a bat?" The Philosophical Review, 83, 435-450.

Nagel T. ( 1979). "Brain bisection and the unity of consciousness". In T. Nagel (Ed.), Mortal questions (pp. 147-164). London: Cambridge University Press.

Block N. ( 1980a). "Troubles with functionalism". In N. Block (Ed.), Readings in philosophy of psychology (pp. 268 -306). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Block N. ( 1980b). "What is functionalism?" In N. Block (Ed.), Readings in philosophy of psychology (pp. 171 - 184 ). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Jackson F. ( 1982). "Epiphenomenal qualia". Philosophical Quarterly, 32, 127-136.

Searle J. R. ( 1979). "What is an intentional state?" Mind, 88, 72-94.

Searle J. R. ( 1980). "Minds, brains, and programs". Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 3, 417-457.

Searle J. R. ( 1989). "Consciousness, unconsciousness, and intentionality". Philosophical Topics, 18, 193-209.

Searle J. R. ( 1990). "Consciousness, explanatory inversion and cognitive science". Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 13, 585-642.

Searle J. R. ( 1992). The rediscovery of the mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Sperry R. ( 1984). "Consciousness, personal identity and the divided brain". Neuropsychologia, 22, 661-673.

Gazzaniga M. S., LeDoux J. E, & Wilson D. H. ( 1977). "Language, praxis, and the right hemisphere: Clues to some mechanisms of consciousness". Neurology, 27, 1144-1147.

Puccetti R. ( 1981). "The case for mental duality: Evidence from split-brain data and other considerations (with commentary)". Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 4, 93-123.

Churchland P. S. ( 1981). "How many angels...?" Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 4, 103 - 104.

Marks C. E ( 1981). Commissurotomy, consciousness & unity of mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Close ✕
Tracy Smith Editor&Proofreader
Expert in: Science, History, Gender & Sexual Studies
Hire an Editor
Matt Hamilton Writer
Expert in: Science, Social science, People
Hire a Writer
preview essay on Are Neuroscientists Able to Explain Human Consciousness
  • Pages: 7 (1750 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Science
  • Level: Undergraduate
WE CAN HELP TO FIND AN ESSAYDidn't find an essay?

Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples

Contact Us