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The negative impacts from atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki durling the secon world war Essay Example

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The negative impacts from atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki durling the secon world war

Critics have come up with several plausible reasons behind America’s decision of the bombings; the most prominent ones emphasizing on Washington’s strategy to scare the Soviet Union who had raged war against Japan in order to establish US dominance afterwards (Frank, 2005, p.Keeping in mind the ensuing public debates and decades of scholarly research surrounding the most infamous event in the modern history, it can be stated that Truman’s decision can never be justified in a politically correct manner. The major question that crops up in the context of the bombings is that whether this measure was absolutely necessary to force Japan to surrender thereby ending the war or whether America had had other ulterior reasons. According to the traditional perspective, Truman made the decision in order to bring an instant end to the war resulting in the saving of hundreds of thousands of American lives (Kennedy, 2005, p. There are other views that state that it was not so much necessary to end the war since Japan was already on the verge of surrendering, but that the bombings were executed to make Japan surrender unconditionally thus ensuring America’s victory in every possible way. On the other hand, there are so called revisionists who claim that the decision was America’s strategy to hold diplomatic advantage over the Soviet Union rather than protecting American lives. It is believed that Truman wanted to alert the Russians regarding America’s arsenal size that can be used in any armed conflicts (Conlin, 2008, p. This view ignores the military ramifications and considers the political explanations regarding why America did not probe alternative measures to end the war. For instance, there were several options open to America like considering the initiatives that Japan was ready to take for peaceful negotiations, modifying the demand for unconditional surrender, or waiting to see whether the Soviet would actually declare war on Japan. Although most scholars adopt a cynical view of the revisionist interpretation, it is nevertheless agreed on common grounds that the bombings were actually not necessary for a rapid ending of the war. In the aftermath of the war, the US Strategic Bombing Survey provided evidence in support of this view by concluding that Japan was ready to surrender before November 1, 1945 without Soviet intervention and without America’s invasion of the Japanese islands (Tannenwald, 2007, p. Indeed, Japan was ready to surrender on

References

A political advantage: the reason why USA bombed Japanese cities (August 14, 2013), nuclear-news, retrieved on November 15, 2014 from: http://nuclear-news.net/2013/08/14/a-political-advantage-the-reason-why-usa-bombed-japanese-cities/

Conlin, J. (2008) The American Past: A Survey of American History, Cengage Learning

Frank, R.B. (2005) Why Truman Dropped the Bomb. The Weekly Standard, 10(44), 20-24

Kagan, D. (1995) Why American Dropped the Bomb. Commentary, 100(3), 17-23

Kennedy, J.R. (2005) Why Not Freedom!: America’s Revolt Against Big Government, Pelican Publishing

Lindee, M.S. (2008) Suffering Made Real: American Science and the Survivors at Hiroshima, Univ. of Chicago Press

Manhattan Engineer District (1946), The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, retrieved on November 15, 2014 from: http://www.abomb1.org/hiroshim/hiro_med.html

Tannenwald, N. (2007) The Nuclear Taboo: The United States and the Non-Use of Nuclear Weapons Since 1945, Cambridge Univ. Press

The effects of nuclear weapons, (n.d.), CNDUK, retrieved on November 15, 2014 from: http://www.cnduk.org/campaigns/global-abolition/effects-of-nuclear-weapons

United Nations Science Committee (2006), Effects of Ionizing Radiation, UN Publications

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preview essay on The negative impacts from atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki durling the secon world war
  • Pages: 10 (2500 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Environmental Studies
  • Level: Ph.D.
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