Following the structure of a fugue, the novel deals with an extensive theme of man’s struggle against the loneliness of his inner being. This theme of man’s revolt against the painful solitude is introduced in the first part of the novel through the character of John Singer. The theme that McCullers attempts to express through the metaphorical voice of John Singer’s voice –John Singer’s voice is to be taken its metaphorical sense as he is mute- is as following, “Man’s revolt”, as McCullers and Margarita G. Smith says, “against his inner isolation and his urge to express himself as fully as possible” (124). Remarkably John’s voice is joined and support by other major characters such as Mick Kelly, Dr. Copeland, Biff Brannon. Indeed the first part of the novel also poses the rhetorical question whether man is capable of overcoming his inner isolation. This question is answered in the following part of the fugue like structure of the novel.In a series presentation of the characters’ struggles with their shortcoming of self expression this revolt of man becomes intensified in the second part. The struggles of other characters that are presented in the part of the fugal structure of the novel not only intensify but recur in a musical manner (Fuller 60). John Singer is the author’s versatile projection of man’s inner loneliness. Indeed John’s incapability to speak provides the author with a unique opportunity to signify as the reflections of other characters struggles. The pain agony of John Singer arises from his inability to communicate with the people of the world. In this regard, McCullers and Smith say, “Singer is…..the symbol of isolation and thwarted expression” (126). Ironically enough Singer though he cannot speak turns into the metaphorical voice of who struggle with their own solitude. In context of the novel he is the effective projection of the other four characters. In the same manner the Mick Kelly’s passion for music and its conflict with the reality becomes intensified in this part. John Singer’s seclusion and lack of communication with the outside world once again is expressed in the voice of Jake Blount because he thinks that no one in the world tries to understand him and his socialist view.Indeed the second part of the fugal structure of the novel deals with the inevitable failure of the character that is deteriorated by their
The Big Read, “The Big Readers’ Guide”, 20 Jan. 2009. 2 Nov. 2009 <http://www.arts.gov/bigreadblog/?m=200901>
Fuller, Janice. ÒThe Conventions of Counterpoint and Fugue in The Heart is a Lonely Hunter." The Mississippi Quarterly. 41 (1987):55 - 67.
McCullers, Carson. The Heart is a Lonely Hunter. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2005
McCullers, Carson and Smith, Margarita G. The Mortgaged Heart: Selected Writing. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2003
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