Troubadours – Troubadours were musicians and poets much as the Goliards were. It is believed that Troubadours were a continuation of the Goliards as they performed many of the same functions as singers and literate scholars. Many Troubadours could play musical instruments (Hart, 2001), sing, and recite poetry. Troubadours were not functionaries of the churches and their songs focused on secular topics such as war or love. Rapid Evolution of Music – By the time of Romanticism music had evolved from the regionally sung music of the middle ages to music played by orchestras and individual musicians. Music still played a big part in the celebration of masses in the Catholic Church. Classical masters of the Classical Period (1750 to 1820) had laid a good foundation for music to continue to develop. Musical notation was a given by this time. There were many really good composers during this timeframe such as Chopin and Bellini. Romanticism’s music has more emotion or feeling in the music. Composers of this time frame were a bit more creative and used folk music as the base of a lot of their compositions. Modern Instruments – By the time of Romanticism Instruments started to look and sound much like they do today. Many flutes were still made of wood and played much like a modern recorder. During this timeframe composers and musician began to specialize in a particular instrument or composition style. For example, Chopin exclusively played the piano but wrote for piano, cello and other instruments. Orchestras became larger and contained a good variety of instruments to play the more and more complicated compositions that composers of this period wrote. It was during this timeframe that composers wrote actual ‘parts’ for different instruments. Wind instruments were often written parts such as playing birds or solos that would have been previously sung. Much music from this period is still used in television and movies today. Chopin (1810-1849) -Frederic Chopin was a great composer and musician of this period. He was a child prodigy that began playing the piano four years old. By the time he was seven he had written his first composition. His first performance was given at eight years old. Chopin was born in Poland of a French Father and Polish mother. His older sister and then his mother taught Chopin to play the piano. He studied harmony and counterpoint at
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