Zacharopoulou & Kyriakidou (2009) gathered a total of 14 Italians, 15 British, and 30 Greek adult listeners to test their emotions which includes happiness, sadness, anger, fear, tenderness, power, brightness, melancholy, relaxation, and grace while listening to 10 Greek traditional music which lasted between 36 to 77 seconds in duration for each song. Based on the 5-point scale research survey results, British listeners (2.70) tend to have a higher relaxation experience as compared to Greeks (2.50) and Italians (2.00) regardless of age, previous musical training, familiarity with Greek music, and gender.Upon performing the Kendall correlation analysis, Zacharopoulou & Kyriakidou (2009) found out that that tempo, rhythmic clarity, rhythmic complexity, pitch level, harmonic complexity, variation of loudness, variation of tempo, rapid changes in loudness, and rapid changes of tempo could signifincantly affect the relaxation mode of the listeners depending on their cultural background. Since Greek listeners are more familiar with Greek music, the research findings revealed that Greek listeners feel more relax listening to sound regardless of tempo, rhythmic clarity, rhythmic complexity, pitch level, harmonic complexity, variation of loudness, variation of tempo, rapid changes in loudness, and rapid changes of tempo as compared with the British and Italian listeners.To understand the impact of music on mood-regulatory processes, Saarikallio & Erkkilä (2007) conducted three sub-studies which includes a meta-analytical review of past research studies, defining the concept of music-related mood regulation through personal interviews and the. Music and Adolescence.
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