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Modern European Literature: Essay Example

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Modern European Literature:

This means that although he did not blame his father entirely for having been naturally cruel to him, Kafka believed that his father had influenced him, and that much of what he had become was because of him.According to J. Stephens, the personal life of Franz Kafka is reflected in The Metamorphosis. Based on the story, the relationship that Gregor shared with his father is actually similar to that shared by Franz with Hermann Kafka. In fact, the violence that Gregor experienced as a vermin being thrown apples at by his father is the same as the violence and strict nature of Kafka’s real father. Moreover, the bug or vermin that Gregor Samsa turned into could represent how Kafka felt after being abused by his father. Moreover, The Metamorphosis could only be what Kafka felt or imagined his death would be like (Stephens).On the other hand, according to Wayne Booth, “The narrator in [The Metamorphosis] may be more or less distant from the reader’s own norms, like physical and emotional ones” (Booth 180). This means that the story of The Metamorphosis is actually unique or in a sense “distant” from the usual things that a normal reader usually is engaged in because it presents a transformation of a human being into an insect yet the whole story goes on as any normal human story would and even the transformed Gregor does not notice its own physical transformation. The genre is therefore not physically the same as a normal one with all human or all animal characters. Moreover, the emotional tone of the story also deviates from the traditional norm of sympathy towards a helpless creature, which is actually the family’s son anyway. Instead, the story focuses on the idea that the characters are cruel even to a helpless vermin, especially when Gregor’s father was throwing apples at him. Booth did not explain his statement above but at least his definition of “distant” is not that far from the aforementioned explanation.Hess’ essay, entitled “Gregor’s Legs,” the author asserted that the insect form of Gregor is somehow a result of an emotional or mental disorder. It is like a representation of a “dream-like world, the state of man before he thinks, the part of him that is prehuman and early human” (Hess 61). In short, the vermin-like form is a representation of man’s instincts or instinctual nature. This happened because Gregor may actually be longing for something which is instinctual and that somehow he has been going

Works Cited

Booth, Wayne. “Distance and Point-of-View: An Essay in Classification.” 2012. Massey.ac.nz. 1996. Web. 8 Dec 2013. <http://www.massey.ac.nz/massey/fms/Colleges/College%20of%20Humanities%20and%20Social%20Sciences/EMS/Readings/139.105/Additional/Distance%20and%20Point-of-View%20-%20Wayne%20Booth.pdf>

Deleuze, Gilles & Guattari, Felix. Kafka: Toward a Minor Literature. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1986. Web. <http://www.englweb.umd.edu/englfac/KChuh/D%26G.pdf>

Elliot, Carl & Elliot, Britt. “From the patient’s point of view: medical ethics and the moral imagination.” Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (1991): 173-178. <http://jme.bmj.com/content/17/4/173.full.pdf>

Fischer, Christian. “Writing the Unwritable: Exploring the Difference in Kafka’s Letter to His Father.” The Kafka Project. 2007. Web. 8 Dec 2013. <http://www.kafka.org/index.php?arch_father>

Hess, Karen. “Gregor’s Legs.” Essais. n.d. Web. 7 Dec 2013. <http://192.203.136.239/academics/essai/essai_volumes/essai1.pdf#page=68>

Kafka, Franz. Dearest Father. Trans. Hannah & Richard Stokes. Reading, Berkshire: Cox & Wyman Ltd., 1953. Web. <http://www.almaclassics.com/excerpts/dearestfather.pdf>

“Notes on The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka.” Enotes. 2004. Web. 7 Dec 2013. <https://www.olchs.org/assets/documents/metamorphosis.pdf>

Sokel, Walter H. “Kafka’s ‘Metamorphosis’: Rebellion and Punishment.” Monatshefte 48:4 (1956): 203-214. <http://facweb.northseattle.edu/bgutierrez/Shakespeare/Winter%202011%20English%20102/English%20102%20Critcal%20Article%20on%20The%20Metamorphosis.pdf>

Stephens, J. “Franz Kafka’s Personal Life reflected in TheMetamorphosis.” The Kafka Project. 2007. Web. 8 Dec 2013. <http://www.kafka.org/index.php?aid=218>

Straus, Nina Pelikan. “Transforming Franz Kafka’s ‘Metamorphosis.’” Signs 14:3 (1989): 651-667. <http://web.nsboro.k12.ma.us/algonquin/faculty/englishteachers/alera/documents/TransformingKafkasMetamorphosis.pdf>

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preview essay on Modern European Literature:
  • Pages: 7 (1750 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Literature
  • Level: Masters
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