Through the these institutions, they have jointly identified and sought to address various issues touching on human life like human rights, agendas of human development, international security among others. Part of the efforts includes the development and adoption of the MDGs in 2000. MDGs are a set of 8 development goals that every country in the world is expected to accomplish by 2015.As part of the international community and as a developing nation, Iran supports the pursuit of the MDGs. These are, eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality and empowering women, reducing child mortality rates improving maternal health, combating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases, ensure environmental sustainability and developing a global partnership for development. So far, the government has taken several actions to ensure the realisation of the MDGs within the stipulated time period.Concerning extreme poverty, the proportion of the population living below $1 per day has decreased from 0.9% in 1999 to 0.2% in 2005 while those living below $2 per day dropped from 7.3% to 3. This shows that the average income for persons living below $1 and 2$ per day has increased. Government measures have also reduced the poverty line/food poverty gap from 3.9% in 1999 to 1.9% in 2005. The percentage of those suffering from extreme hunger has fallen from 13.5% in 1999 to 7% in 2006. The data available at the Statistical Centre of Iran indicates a one third drop in the percentage of children aged below 5 who are underweight. It dropped sharply from 15.8% in 1999 to 5% in 2006, showing a greater improvement and an indication of a high possibility of achieving or surpassing the 50% target by 2015 (UNDP 1).Information from the national official math indicates that the Iranian government has boosted primary enrolment rates to 94% and one important feature is that girl deficit in schools has been turned into girl surplus (Hinsaw 1). Information from UNDP indicates even higher figures. The UNDP report indicates that by 2005, the state had already attained a 98% net enrolment rate, a 13% increase from the 85% recorded in 1990. This has raised literacy rates of women to 96.7% in 2006 from the 81.1% recorded in 1990.Gender equality and empowerment of women has been promoted through education. Government efforts have increased the enrolment of female students to various
Gray John. Liberalism. Minneapolis. University of Minnesota Press. 1995.
Hinsaw Drew (2010). “Has Iran met its Millennium Development Goals?”Online: http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Global-News/2010/0922/Has-Iran-met-its-Millennium-Development-Goals. Retrieved from 29th March, 2012.
Regional committee for the Eastern Mediterranean (2011). Progress report on Achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Online: ttp://www.emro.who.int/rc58/PDF/EMRC58INFdoc03en.pdf. Retrieved from 29th March, 2012.
UNDP (2007). “UNDP Iran and the MDGs.” Online: http://www.undp.org.ir/index.php/millennium-development-goals/the-mdgs-in-iran. Retrieved from 29th March, 2012.
Wendt Alexander. Social Theory of International Politics. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press. 1999.
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples