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Millennium Development Goals Essay Example

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Millennium Development Goals

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The sixth goal addressed the potential to combat diseases like malaria and HIV/AIDS. The goal targeted to either halt or reverse the spreading of HIV. Besides, it aimed to ensure eradication or reversal of incidences of major diseases like malaria (UN Millennium Project 2005).The seventh goal, which sought to ensure environmental sustainability aimed at spearheading the adoption and integration of policies and programs to curb losses associated with environmental resource by the individual country’s principles. Besides, the goal aimed to halve the number of people that lacks the access to basic sanitation and safe water for drinking. The last goal intended to develop a global partnership to ensure global development. The act targeted to attain good governance, reduce poverty indices, and enhance programs that make it possible for least developed countries to gain from tariffs, debt relief, cancellation of debts, and the implementation of generous development strategies to reduce poverty (Ahmed and Cleeve 2004). Assessing countries with individual needs, for instance, the landlocked countries formed a pivotal pillar for this goal. Provision of essential drugs at affordable prices was also proposed as a means of tackling disease and poverty (UN Millennium Project 2005).From the assessment of the construct, design, and nature of MDGs, it is apparent that it aimed to reduce poverty and promote the development for all. However, the shift focused on developing countries that were lagging behind mainly because most of these countries lacked good governance, high corruption, and lack of commitment to MDGs (MDG Achievement Fund 2013). The most important factor was the commitments to taking full responsibilities in strengthening good governance to lay down the basis for MDGs (Fukuda-Parr and Greenstein 2010; Fukuda-Parr and Hulme 2011). The UN made it evident that by addressing issues of corruption, drafting policies, and investment agenda that ensure the private sectors play an important role in leading growth and development strategies will play a significant role in attaining the MDGs (Mukherjee et al. Besides, efforts to empower the private sector aimed at ensuring maximum resource mobilization from the domestic chufas. Many previous literatures reported that reduction of poverty correlates with the attainment of economic

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References

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Ahmed, A & Cleeve, E. 2004. Tracking the Millennium Development Goals in sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Social Economics, 31(1/2): pp. 12-29

Clemens, M.A., Kenny, C.J & Moss, T.J. 2007.The Trouble with the MDGs: Confronting Expectations of Aid and Development Success, World Development, 35(5): pp. 735– 751

Fukuda-Parr, S & Hulme, D. 2011. International Norm Dynamics and the “End of Poverty”: Understanding the Millennium Development Goals. Global Governance, 17: pp. 17– 36

Fukuda-Parr, S. & Greenstein, J. 2010. How Should MDG Implementation Be Measured: Faster Progress or Meeting Targets? IPC-IG Working Paper, Brasilia: International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth

MDG Achievement Fund. 2013. Advancing gender equity: promising practices case studies from the millennium development goals achievement fund. New York: United Nations Development Programme

Mukherjee, J.S Barry, J.D Satti, H. Raymonville, M. Marsh, C.M.S, & Smith-Fawzi, M.K. 2011. Structural Violence: A Barrier to Achieving the Millennium Development Goals for Women, Journal of Women’s Health, 20(4): pp. 593-597

Deepak, N. 2011. The MDGs Beyond 2015, Research Paper 38, May 2011, South Centre, Geneva

PMNCH, WHO, World Bank and AHPSR. 2014. Success Factors for Women’s and Children’s Health: Policy and programme highlights from 10 fast-track countries. Geneva: WHO

Poku, K.N & Whitman, J. 2011. The Millennium Development Goals and Development after 2015. Third World Quarterly, 32(1): pp. 181–198

UN Millennium Project. 2005. Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals. New York. United Nations Development Programme

United Nations. 2000. Millennium Declaration, DPI/2163. New York: United Nations.

United Nations. 2010. The Millennium Development Goals Report 2010. New York: United Nations

United Nations. 2014. The Millennium Development Goals Report 2014, New York. United Nations Development Programme

Ziai, A. 2011.The Millennium Development Goals: back to the future? Third World Quarterly, 32(1): pp 27–43

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preview essay on Millennium Development Goals
  • Pages: 6 (1500 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Unsorted
  • Level: Undergraduate
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