The state then adopted “the Israeli model of a national conscript defense” (Singh 16). Conscription was done by requiring the male citizens who were able-bodied and at least eighteen years of age to serve a term in the armed forces of the country (“Conscription”). During this period, they were taught the basics of military training, the laws of war and the commitment to defend the country in case of invasion. For the following years, Singapore has successfully built “an impressive defense capability” (Singh 16). However, this defense concept was changed, the “poisonous shrimp” strategy was transformed into “porcupine strategy” (Singh 16). Accordingly, the former Chief of Operations, Singapore Armed Forces, Lee Hsien Loong justified such change by contending that “the Republic needed to adopt a defense posture that was capable of inflicting intolerable costs on potential enemies as well as to outlast attacks in actual combat” (qtd. in Singh 16). He said: “So we need a policy which says, if you come, I’ll whack you, and I’ll survive / This is a workable strategy / I may not completely destroy you, but you will have to pay a high price for trying to subdue me and you may still not succeed” (Loong, qtd. in Singh 16). . Military attack strategies in Singapore.
“Background Note: Singapore.” US Department of State. Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, 1 Apr. 2010. Web. 2 Sept. 2010. <http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2798.htm>.
“Conscription.” Fact-index.com. Fact-index.com, n.d. Web. 2 Sept. 2010. <http://www.fact-index.com/c/co/conscription.html>.
Da Cunha, Derek. Singapore in the New Millennium: Challenges Facing the City-State. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2002. Print.
“Singapore Armed Forces.” Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias. Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias, n.d. Web. 3 Sept. 2010. <http://en.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enwiki/449970>.
Singh, Bilveer. The Military and Small States: The Role of Hard Power in Singapore’s Domestic and Foreign Policy. [PDF file]. <http://archive.sgir.eu/uploads /SINGH-SINGAPOREMILITARYPOWERTURINO7.pdf>.
“The Evolution of Singapore’s Foreign Policy: Challenges of Change.” [PDF file]. <http://www.worldscibooks.com/etextbook/6533/6533_chap01.pdf>.
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