Various approaches for research include both theory and method. Among the approaches, two are widely recognized: the methods of quantitative and qualitative research. In a study which is quantitative in nature, the researcher intends to gather data so that a valid conclusion may be arrived at regarding the outcomes of broadly comparable experiences. An objective or positivist approach is adopted by those who utilize this design which is applicable to this paper. The main principle underlying this approach is that knowledge and facts are measurable and that complicated problems may be comprehended more effectively if they are broken down into less complicated pats. Moreover, this approach becomes more potent in the quest for universal laws which explain reality – and which lend themselves to observation. The decision on selecting which approach in research is adequate in conducting a particular study should be grounded on the problem, skills, and training, availability of resources, training, and audience of the researcher (Mason, 1996). Even though research exists which integrates both methods quantitative and qualitative approaches in their purest forms, there are underlying essential disparities involved in the assumptions and in the analysis procedures and data collection methods employed. Need for Flight Operations Quality Assurance (FOQA) Data.
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