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Medical science Essay

Reliability and Validity of Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods
The quality of data that is collected during an interview depends to a large extent upon the skills and expertise of the interviewer. The latter functions as the control factor that determines how much at ease the respondents are and how valid is the quality of their response. 
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A Clinical Information System
A clinical information system incorporates various aspects of clinical data into an integrated whole. Pryor et al.  stated that "a clinical database is created when well-defined, discrete, and continuous data elements concerning patients are routinely recorded and coupled with outcome descriptors."
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Protein concentration
The blank test tube will be added with 0.20ml 85% Sodium chloride Solution. The blank test tube will be used as reference test tube. This will be the test tube for comparison purposes with the other test tubes containing the various reagents. The blank test tube will be the first tube to be read in the spectrophotometer that will set back the reading to zero. All the other test tubes would be read in comparison with the blank test tube’s reading to determine significant results and
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Reasons Opposing Euthanasia
 Support for euthanasia is common in the world. For instance, in Belgium where euthanasia is legal, two twins, who were born deaf and realized they would also go blind and never see each other again, were assisted to die in a hospital. In this case, the doctor came to the decision after the twins convinced him.
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Biotechnology ,Production of Lactic acid bacteria
Lactic acid bacteria produces various compounds during fermentation including organic acids, diacetyl hydrogen peroxide and bactericidal protein that not only gives the desirable texture, colour, tastes or smell but also helps to inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria and other microorganisms (Lindgren, et al 1990). Lactic acid bacteria utilises carbohydrates by t two different metabolic pathways -nomo- or hetero pathways. Most LAB produce lactic acid from glucose metabolism while other
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Staphylococcus aureus
Diabetes, people with chronic kidney diseases, people with cancer therapy, skin burns are more susceptible of getting the Staphylococcus aureus infection. Additionally, people with transplanted organs also depict high susceptibility to infections from staphylococcus aureus since they take immune suppressive drugs.Staphylococcus aureus can be found on the noses of up to 25 percent of healthy people , in which case it remain harmless but when it gain entrance into the blood stream it causes
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5 questions
However, the failure in the other cases opened a new research question, why not in all bacteria? It has been discovered in modern science that there are almost countless bacteria, each possess a different characteristics. Some bacteria secret a chemical substance the reacts with Hans’s stained to blur vision. Now it has been discovered that the chemical mycolic acid.Mycolic acids produced by the bacteria interfere with the dye, deterring the dye to stain. The acid is a species of bacteria
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Answer 7 individual questions
DNA may be integrated in the hosts nucleic acid inducing specialized transduction and phage conversion in the future (Tortora, Funke & Case, 2010). This results to a provirus that allows infected cells to function normally for some time. The cycle involves the production of repressor proteins, which in spontaneous occasions may fail, making the virus to enter the lytic cycle.Viruses act as co-carcinogens, in that they propagate cancer progression. In some cases, they cause cancer, though
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Answer 7 individual questions
DNA may be integrated in the hosts nucleic acid inducing specialized transduction and phage conversion in the future (Tortora, Funke & Case, 2010). This results to a provirus that allows infected cells to function normally for some time. The cycle involves the production of repressor proteins, which in spontaneous occasions may fail, making the virus to enter the lytic cycle.Viruses act as co-carcinogens, in that they propagate cancer progression. In some cases, they cause cancer, though
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Are Antibiotic Resistance Bacteria Unstoppable?
Before the discovery of antibiotics, diseases fatally ravaged mankind. Streptococcus pyogenes, for instance, was responsible for over half of the post-birth deaths and was a major cause of deaths from burns. Staphylococcus aureus on the other hand killed 80% of those with infected wounds with tuberculosis and pneumonia bacteria proving highly fatal (Bryan, 1984).The discovery of antibiotics was a turning point in the history of mankind and has since gone on to revolutionize medicine in a
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Essay : 2 case studies
This makes the patient extremely susceptible to opportunistic infections.Furthermore, eight months post his renal transplant, the 45-year-old farmer, is presented again to the hospital with a history of respiratory distress. The patient is under severe pain since he is able to speak with utmost difficulty on his part. The X-ray showed bilateral fluffy infiltrates. The culture examination of the sputum sample collected did not reveal any bacterial growth. Even though no bacteria are found, the
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Effect of egg washing on quality and safety
The washing detergents were Suma Nova L6 t and Suma Select A7 maintaining a 10 - 11. The eggs were later on transported for cuticle staining for the assessment of their ultra structure (Leleu et al 1650).The cuticle staining took place for 100 eggs from each type of egg both washed an unwashed. To stain an egg, it was immersed in an aqueous solution for 1 min. the solution contained 2.8 g of Green S and 7.2 g of Tartrazine. Before drying, the eggs were rinsed to eliminate excess dye. A
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Evaluate the methods used to obtain qualitative and quantitive information on DNA methylation
The use of the restriction enzymes eliminates the problem of incomplete enzyme digestion; hence, giving accurate findings. The limitation of the technique includes that incomplete bisulfite modification of the DNA gives false positivity results (Szyf, 2010 p 56). Further, poor design of the primers could give inconclusive results.Bisulfite sequencing technique entails the use of bisulphite treatment of the DNA to establish its pattern of methylation. It is a qualitative technique and was the
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Biodegradation and Bioremediation
The bioavailability of a pollutant depends upon biological process such as diffusion, desorption and dissolution. A reduced bioavailability of pollutants in the soil can be as a result of slow mass transferal to the biodegrading microorganisms.Bioactivity and biochemistry are other vital challenges that have an effect on bioremediation. Bioactivity is a term used to show the operational state of bacteriological or micro organic processes. According to Lapworth et al., improving bioactivity
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Identification of Clostridium difficle
The diagnostic methods can be divided into several subsections that include laboratory methods, antigen detection methods, and nucleic acid amplification methods (McFarland, 2011, p. The laboratory methods include culture Agar media, enriching pores, CCN test, and selective media. The antigen detection methods, on the other hand, include GDH Assays while the nucleic acid amplification methods include PCR Assays and LAMP Assays. Although there may be many diagnostic methods for detecting C.
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Lab identification of Clostridum difficil
Although most of the mentioned cases are mostly within hospital settings, Clostridium difficile is also common away from medical centres.The risk of infection by Clostridium difficile depends on two factors; the exposure to the bacteria and exposure to antibiotics. The occurrence of Clostridium difficile is highest in infants, accounting for about 84. Residents in long-term care facilities come second with about 57% occurrence, while occurrence in healthy adults accounts for about 5-15%. In
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Lab identification of Clostridum difficil
Although most of the mentioned cases are mostly within hospital settings, Clostridium difficile is also common away from medical centres.The risk of infection by Clostridium difficile depends on two factors; the exposure to the bacteria and exposure to antibiotics. The occurrence of Clostridium difficile is highest in infants, accounting for about 84. Residents in long-term care facilities come second with about 57% occurrence, while occurrence in healthy adults accounts for about 5-15%. In
Pages: 12 (3000 words), Essay
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Syphilis-treponema pallidum
The secondary stage is followed by the tertiary stage or the latent period which is for indefinite time, however, tertiary stage may/ may not occur. The article also states about the last stage of syphilis infection- neurosyphilis where the causal organisms attacks the central nervous system and demolishes fiber tract. This results in progression of dementia, blindness and partial motor paralysis.The article mentioned the pyrotherapy treatment introduced by Warner-Jauregg. To cure syphilis the
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Genetically modified food
Such a trait or genetic characteristic for example may be the trait of drought resistance or resistance to attack by insects. This step is followed by insertion of the isolated gene of interest into a selected vector and in most cases the vector used is the bacteria Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The gene insert that contains the gene of interest is inserted into the plasmid of the vector by use of an alternative in the various methods of recombinant DNA technology (Grundey & Rimkiene, 2012).The
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
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Food Science - Assignment
Minerals comprise of cadmium, titanium, molybdenum, lead, cobalt, nickel, strontium, copper, zinc, barium, vanadium, chromium, rubidium, magnesium, sodium, manganese, calcium, iron and potassium. The sugars present are the mannose, galactose, sucrose, fructose, glucose, and arabinose. Furthermore, several amino acids like valine, tyrosine, threonine, serine, proline, histidine, glycine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, methionine, lysine, leucine, isoleucine, glutamic acid, cysteine, asparagine,
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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