Facebook Pixel Code
x
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Mathematics learning Theories Essay Example

Show related essays

Mathematics learning Theories

This is a preview of the 4-page document
Read full text

In contrast, cognitivism presents the mind of a learner as being akin to a computer and learning to be a process dependent on an array of internal mental processes.As per Jean Piaget, the intellectual development in humans tends to follow a chronological sequence that comprises of a total of 4 sequential stages. These four stages enunciated by Piaget comprised of Sensorimotor found in the age group 0-2 years, Preoperational Stage found in the age group 2-7 years, Concrete Operational Stage found in the age group 7-11 years and Formal Operational Stage found in the age group 11-15 years (Flavell, 1963, p. During the Sensorimotor stage learners tend to develop faculties of memory, imitation and thought. During the Preoperational Stage, the child develops language and the ability to think in terms of symbols. During Concrete Operational Stage a child learns to solve hands on concrete problems and during Formal Operation Stage a child learns to solve formal abstract problems. Thereby, as per Jean Piaget’s theory, a child while being taught mathematical skills need to be exposed to such problems that correlate with the learning stage one is in. During preoperational stage a teacher could make the students recognize and memorize mathematical digits engraved on a flash card. For instance during Concrete Operational Stage a child should be made to solve concrete problems and should not be expected to solve abstract mathematical problems, as one lacks the mental capacity to do so. Similarly during the Formal Operation Stage a teacher could readily teach children to solve mathematical problems pertaining to Trigonometry and Set Theory requiring much abstract effort and thinking. In this stage the teacher could expect the students to understand and grasp the abstract figures pertaining to mathematical problems being drawn on the black board.As per the psychologist Lev Vygotsky, social interactions and culture play a salient role in the cognitive development and learning behaviour of a learner. According to Vygotsky, in a society the learning behaviour of a child is influenced in a systematic and intentional manner by the adults (Gates, 2001). For instance say in a class room a teacher is teaching a student as to how to solve quadratic equations and how to crack and understand them. The child tries to grasp the process while the teacher

This is a preview of the 4-page document
Open full text

References

Edman, I. (1995). John Dewey. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.

Flavell, J.H. (1963). Developmental Psychology of Jean Piaget. Princeton, NJ:

D. Van Nostrand.

Gates, P. (2001). Issues in Mathematics Learning. London: Routledge.

Leonard, D.C. (2002). Learning Theories, A to Z. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Tobin, K. (1993). The Practice of Constructivism in Science Education. Hillsdale, NJ:

Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Uttal, W.R. (1998). Toward a New Behaviourism. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum

Associates.

Close ✕
Tracy Smith Editor&Proofreader
Expert in: Mathematics, Physics, Statistics
Hire an Editor
Matt Hamilton Writer
Expert in: Mathematics, Environmental Studies, Logic & Programming
Hire a Writer
preview essay on Mathematics learning Theories
WE CAN HELP TO FIND AN ESSAYDidn't find an essay?

Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples

Contact Us