Between speaker and audience may become a two-way interaction, the primary goals of which are the attainment of knowledge and truth, regardless of the subjective bias of both the speaker and audience. According to Van de Vijver, Plato’s view on speaker-audience relationship is purely objective wherein the audience does not necessarily view the speaker as a source of subjective judgment; rather, the speaker only serves as a source of information wherein the truthfulness of which is still in question, considering that he/she may only tell selected information for the pure intention of attracting an audience (40-41).Thus, in the context of relationship, Plato’s view on the concept of truth comes as result of a person’s lifelong passion, or love, for knowledge, which also relates to the idea of “madness of the lover.” Such a kind of mad love may show in the way a person puts value on truth above all things in life, even above his/her emotional love for other people. People may also show different ways of attaining truth through finding their own goals in life. Consequently, Phaedrus shows Plato’s love for learning, which transcends the usual understanding of love and interpersonal love.The role of women in Bacchae, Samuel, and Aeneid serves as a transitional stage between the submission of women to traditional gender roles and their transition to autonomy. Whether consciously, or unconsciously, women in those texts serve as the driving force of social change. Further, those texts illustrate the image of a woman in traditional societies, as well as their promising strength, should they be given the chance to pursue their full potential.For instance, in Bacchae, women separate from their traditional role of submissiveness in Tmolus to pursue their personal source of happiness, which includes the opportunity to showcase their creativity and independence from their husbands (Euripides 9). After their defection, women display their strengths, which equal the power of men, such as gathering food and invading other territories. Consequently, this aspect of the text shows the concept of role reversal wherein women play non-traditional roles in the society; women show independence and competitiveness that mirror the modern society today (Blundell 175). In teleological view, the role of women in Bacchae serves as a precedent condition that drives gender role transitions.The idea of gender role transition also emanates in Aeneid wherein women
Granville-Barker, Harley. Granville-Barker’s Preface to Shakespeare: Romeo and
Juliet. London: Estate of Harley Granville-Barker, 1993. Print.
Shakespeare, William. Romeo and Juliet. New York: Frederick Campe and Co.,
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