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Macro & Microeconomics Essay

Using a simple supply and demand framework, analyse the potential factors that impact on the price of crude oil in both the short- and long-run.
However, some of the factors that can lead to a further increase are not varied in the short-run, which causes a totally inelastic supply curve at a given point. For a better illustration to this theory, the graph below is of great essence;Demand of oil may shift (increase) from D1 to D2 and then to D3. At the same time, prices may remain at P1 due to the fact that there is enough supply until a certain point where supply cannot be varied and this forces price to rise to price P3.There are some
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Understanding the Economic Impact prior to Wells Fargo Foreclosures
The securitization option encouraged the majority of the existing mortgage lenders to adopt a new business model which Knapp (2010) refers to as “originate to distribute” business model. This new model required that the credit risk posed by the mortgages loans was not exclusively to be absorbed by the lending institutions. Rather, it was to be shared with other investors in the world who purchased the Mortgage-backed securities.Knapp (2010) further argues that by 2006, approximately
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Unemployment within the labour market is primarily voluntary. Discuss
The countries such as this, unemployed personnel should meet their survival needs at any price, getting a new job, becoming an entrepreneur or amalgamating the alternative economy of the hustler.The labor market is not that sure in the sense of the word; this is because there is always some unemployment. Labor market is very special to those who make a difference between non clearing and market clearing. Human transaction takes place than any other markets, when there is equal supply and demand
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Using the IS-LM BP model, discuss how the effectiveness of monetary policy is influenced by the exchange rate regime in use.
However, in controlling the amount of currency in circulation and cost of a currency, the policy should control the terms and rate of a trade in a country. That is now where the issue of the effectiveness of a policy comes from. An effective monetary policy is one that has the capacity to control terms and rates of trade thus controlling the economy of the country.The three lines in the IS-LM BP model are the open IS curve, the open LM curve and the BP curve (Chamberlin & Yueh 2006). Although
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Unemployment and labor
The prevailing market demands for labor, labor cost, required education level, rate of economic growth, unemployment policies, and interest rates. In the process of ascertaining the forecasted rate of unemployment, I will use the flexicurity debate concept that combines the flexibility of labor market with the security of employees. This concept has been formulated and initiated globally in attending to unemployment. As a concept it shows the necessity of balancing the need for protecting the
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US Unemployment Problem
US government could be misleading is because the official unemployment data released by the government does not reflect the true states of affaires on the economy. This is because the rate does not include all the relevant components for computing the rate of unemployment (Hardson, para1). According to economist such as John Williams, the government reported a national unemployment rate of 7.9% and a 9.8% unemployment rate in California as at January 2013. On the contrary, unemployment rate was
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Use the wage setting model of unemployment to explain and discuss the following statements.
If the centralization level of wage bargains goes up and if trade unions are inclusive, then an economy that is highly unionized can attain low unemployment rates. Nations with very decentralized wage-setting obtain a low rate of employment because of competition in the labour market. In an economy without competition the employed and unemployed, there might be a two-tier society, having a class of unstable workers who may be forced to wonder between poor-waged jobs and unemployment. As far as
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U.S. Car Companies
This in turn reduced the cost of production and hence, profit and soon made the organization the largest auto company in the world. The next famous prominent auto company of U. that had become famous in the world market was General Motors Corporation (Hirsch 245). The company was founded by William Durant in 1908. The company acquired many small car producing firms, like, Cadillac and soon became a strong competitor of Ford Motor Company in the industry. Chrysler Group LLC was another famous
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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Using a two-period model of inter temporal consumer choice explain the effects of an increase in the interest rate on the level of consumption in each period and on whether the consumer has become better off when the consumer is: (a) a borrower in th
Alternatively the consumer can save more and consume less in period 1. He would earn an interest on his savings and therefore his consumption in period 2 would be more (Varian, 2010, pp.The interest is thus the opportunity cost that the lender earns or the borrower pays for either giving up the use of the money at the future period or the possibility of the use of the funds at the present period. It is the value that provides various alternatives for the use of money at a certain time period.A
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Unemployment/Inflation Topic
Thus is apparent that GDP is a good measure of all the value of economic activity. It includes all the items which are produced in an economy and sold legally in the markets. GDP excludes products which are difficult to produce.According to Keynesian Theory of Employment the level of National Income Employment depends on the aggregate demand and supply. According to Keynesian model if aggregate demand falls, firms will produce fewer amounts of goods. This will lead to contraction in the economy
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U.S. Janet Yellen's stance on Tapering
Despite all these, Ben Bernanke’s tapering statement only frightened the markets but did not create a big shift in the market economy. As a result, both stocks and bonds led to some returns although there was some economic growth following the year 2008 financial crisis. Besides, the stocks began to show high volatility but later stabilized as various investors accepted the idea of quantitative easing (Cholly, 16). Therefore, tapering was first used in the congress by Ben Bernanke, in a
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Under the 1975 Labour government, the basic rate of personal income tax was 35% and the top rate was 83%, with the main rate of corporation tax standing at 52%. As of April 6th,2014, the equivalent rates will be 20% and 45% for personal income tax and 21%
Besides, a surcharge of 15 percent on investment income maintained the top-rate on that income at 90 percent. In the 1974-1975 periods, this cut was reversed raising the top rate on the earned income to 83 percent. With the surcharged investment income, this increased the investment’s top rate to 98 percent the highest permanent rate since the war. This was actually applied to incomes that were over £20,000, and together with a 15 percent surcharge on the ‘un-earned income including
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Using Porter's five forces, critically analyse the link between structure and competitiveness of the manufacturing of consumer electronics industry in the UK.
Tablets, mobile phones and computers remain to be the fastest growing category (IBIS World, 2014). Electronics is an aspect whose demand fluctuates along with level of development, technological advancement and changes in the economy. The electronics manufactured in this industry can be briefly structured into four main categories, namely government products, consumer or domestic products, industrial products and electronic components (Driffield and Girma 2003). Government products include
Pages: 9 (2250 words), Essay
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Using Economic Theories to Analysis Apple Inc.
Was estimated as US $ 41.733 billion, but in 2013, it was astonishing to note that income of the company had declined to US $ 37.037 billion (Hutt and Speh, 2013). However, the organization experiences huge scale and scope of trade and recruits over 80000 skilled workforce around the world. Though the net income or profit is falling, yet the company appears to experience increasing revenue. The revenue of Apple Inc. in 2012 was US$ 156.508 billion, which had increased to US $ 179.91 billion in
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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UK Economic Policy and the Global Financial Crisis: Paradigm Lost
Since most issues affecting a state were mainly economical Hall’s model narrowed down to the assessment of the economy concerning the levels of economic decision-making (Hickson, 2005 pp. Based on the model the levels of economic policymaking were three. The first level involves progressive transition of policies based on the changing economic situation. The second level involves developing proposed policies with regard to dealing with the economic issues in a state. On the other hand, the
Pages: 12 (3000 words), Essay
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Underground economic
Therefore, in order to prevent these negative influences in the economy, then the government needs to set up strong regulation that aim at identifying these identity thieves. Consequently, these identity thieves can cause serious money laundering problems and influence teenagers negatively to adopt this bad behavior.How can an identity thief steal our information today? Basically, there are three ways they are using: stealing information online, stealing the information from the POS machine or
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Using an example from the leisure industry, e.g.) airline travel, to what extent will a high degree of competition in a market result in lower prices for the consumers?
Hence, after reviewing the current position, Government regulations has been invited in order to control uncertainties and price war and to foster healthy competition among the existing market players (Ganesh, 2009). However, possibilities of reduced industry expansion were also assumed if strict regulatory framework will be implemented. In contrast, experts have shown that airlines competition arises out of privatization will lead to benefit the customers through reduction in price level
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
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Using gretal express express the characteristic line of modern investment analysis from the CAPM , 2 MONTH BEFORE the 2008 financial crisis and 2 months after it. Using the time series Daily dow jones industrial average,risk free benchmark(3month treasur
This is because the p value of the before the crisis excess return is greater than 0.05 while that of the intercept is less than 0. Therefore, this equation or model can’t be used in forecasting the Dow Jones excess returns using the after crisis statistics. The excess returns falls between 0.10846 and 0.2925 at 70% confidence level. The R squared is small and it could be due to the Dow Jones excess return is influenced by the factor of the crisis. When the regression analysis is run at 30%
Pages: 9 (2250 words), Essay
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Using gretal express express the characteristic line of modern investment analysis from the CAPM , 2 MONTH BEFORE the 2008 financial crisis and 2 months after it. Using the time series Daily dow jones industrial average,risk free benchmark(3month treasur
Woolsworth is a major player in the retail sector and operates a chain of supermarkets all across the country. Zimplats Holdings Limited deals in mining of precious commodities and is in the mining sector.The companies that are given in the excel spreadsheet are spread over several sectors. Some are in the financial sector while majority are in the industrial sector and resource sectors as perdefinitions of the ASX. Some of the companies that are in the industrial sector include: UGL Ltd,
Pages: 9 (2250 words), Essay
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UK economic recovery
The reports that have been given have shown that companies are suitably encouraged to employ new staff at a fast rate for the last twenty years due to major improvements in the economy of the United Kingdom. Again, most of the companies in the UK are offering high salary rates in order to recruit the most qualified people in their firms an indication that the economy is doing good. Research has proven that, the rise in employment in the UK will lead to some growth in of the economy with a rate
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
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