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Macro & Microeconomics Essay

Banking and Finance
It would then constitute the gain or interest on his investment. As per this,Fixed bond is a long term debt paper in which the rate of interest is fixed in advance. Under fixed income bonds, the investor would get a fixed and constant return on his investment at a regular interval and at the time of maturity, he will get the principle amount. Fixed income bonds provide safety to the investor on his investment, so these are preferable to those investors who would like to get stable return on
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Banking and Finance
671-673) and Fabozzi (2008, p.Fabozzi (2008, p. 214) confirmed that yield to maturity “is the interest rate that will make the present value of the cash flow from a bond equal to its market price plus accrued interest.” Fabozzi (2008, p. 214) pointed out that “an iterative procedure is used to find the interest rate that will make the present value of the cash flows equal to the market price plus accrued interest.Following the Fabozzi (2008, p. 214) example, suppose a bond with a face
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Benefits and costs
The resulting pollution has increased incidence of cardiopulmonary conditions such as asthma and heart disease (OEERE 2).In 1990, under the CAA Amendments (CAAA), vehicle standards were made stricter (EPAa). Under the amendments, ozone pollution, carbon monoxide and particulate matter emissions were addressed. Procedures such as inspection/maintenance programs and vapor recovery installations at gas stations were introduced (EPAb). A permit system will be developed by states to control emission
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Boeing-McDonnell Douglas Merger
Companies used to be national defense contractors and had been in agreements with the Pentagon or precisely the Defense Department of the United States. The discussion considered several factors that needed to be taken into regard and these factors were very much successfully discussed which included discussions on economic, strategic and political grounds.The first discussion held was regarding the economic and financial aspects that have been influenced majorly be these mergers. This
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Brazil economic overview and solar power in brazil
Improved its macroeconomic stability, building up foreign reserves, and reducing its debt profile by shifting its debt burden toward real denominated and domestically held instruments. In 2008, Brazil became a net external creditor and two ratings agencies awarded investment grade status to its debt (Brazil Economy – overview, 2012).Along with India, China, Russia and South Africa; Brazil is one of the prominent members of BRICS countries. BRICS countries are the most rapidly developing
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BP Oil Spills
Thus, given the market demand for petroleum, the decline in supply would indeed increase the price of oil in the market for U., from say P1 to P2 (McEachern, 2012).The theory of demand in economics states that the rise in price for a commodity or a service is inversely related to its quantity demanded, assuming that all other factors affecting demand are constant (Ceteris Paribus). When a consumer creates a demand in the market, it is a want that is backed by proper purchasing power. The want
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Business Proposal
In essence, the payment systems needed to be instant. This is a feature, which was yet to be realized. PayPal thus positions itself as the only intermediary capable of processing and availing the money to the appropriate parties within the time that transactions are made. The demand for online payment solutions has increased with the advent of electronic commerce. Most companies currently have websites and support electronic transfer of goods and services. Other businesses exist entirely on
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BUSINESS ECONOMICS
Money supply is a crucial aspect that determines the value of currency and inflationary measures. Conventional ways are the standard means for the central bank to control money supply. However, if the economic conditions do not permit the central bank to use the conventional means they resort to unconventional means which are effective but not good for the economy in the long run due to their unpredictable and risky nature.(b) In a 2012 study the International Monetary Fund (IMF) reported that
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Biography of an Economist
Marshall hailed from London (born in 1824) and showed an inclination for Mathematics in his childhood. He started his higher education in philosophy but ended up in the newly formed discipline viz. His forte was Political Economy. He married one of his students Mary Paley, with whom he co-authored The Economics of Industry (1879).He was Principal and Professor of Political Economy at Bristol. He shifted to Oxford and later to Cambridge. The scope of teaching Economics widened much later giving
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Bank Regulation In the UK
The Vicker’s commission proposed several solutions to the Royal Bank of Scotland’s problem. The proposed breaking up of Royal Bank of Scotland after the financial crisis, was meant to ensure that the bank would not force the taxpayers to bail it out, on the event of a financial crisis, as had happened previously during the 2008 financial crisis that could have caused most of the big banks in the UK to collapse (Thompson & Jenkins, 2013:n. Instead, the suggestions sought to ensure that
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BUSINESS PROPOSAL
As for the farmers who wish to sell their produce within the company website, they will pay their subscription fee to continue selling their products in the website. However, they will not be capable of retailing any product of their choice, as it will be disadvantageous to the company. Thus, an opportunity to sell their cereals to the company, which completes the sale to the clients.Another service that comes along with this product is the fact that clients will be capable of receiving alerts
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Basic Economics
The marginal cost is the additional cost, which occurs at the time of production. Marginal cost includes the extra cost of labour and materials cost. On the other hand, marginal revenue is the additional profits earn by a firm at the time of surplus sale of products. Marginal revenue aids a company in performing business operations in a better competitive nature. Marginal analysis is mainly calculated at the time of additional turnover. In this context, economists evaluate that at the lower
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Book report
The main aim of Mendes is trade these players were to attract £Euro 85 (pound67) targeting investors to buy stakes in Spain and Portugal. Transferring the players also benefits the team which sold him and the team player joins by making it famous (Conn, para2).Having been a nightclub owner and a friend of footballers to player’s broker, he mentioned his excellent remarks dominated from deals done by Portugal’s top three clubs, he transferred players to England and Spain on multimillions
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BEYOND MARKETS: Critical Approaches to Economics
Model whereby all agents behave in a way that their summative actions may also be the subsequent behavior of a single agent who maximizes its anticipated utility function. Experts employ the representative agent in solving the sophisticated issues relating to aggregation. In this case, it is ideally easy to model the behavior of a single individual, considering some preferences and limitations (Ramanauskas, 2008, pp. It is even harder to model the behavior of a group of people, or a whole
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By changing money growth, the central bank can control inflation seen over a longer period, but to do that it has to take account of changes in real production and changes in velocity. With reference to the quantity theory, and endogenous money, exp
A cycle is created as a result because when people acquire money they proceed to spend the money on a service or product and the money is transferred to the supplier of the good/service and the supplier in turn spends it turn on some else and an endless cycle continues. In this case, the government creates money which is cycled throughout the population endlessly.Therefore, in order for the central bank to assess the impact on inflation levels, money growth changes and the velocity of money has
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By changing money growth (money supply),the central bank can control inflation seen over a longer period, but to do that it has to take account of changes in real production and changes in velocity. With reference to the quantity theory and endogenous
In modern economic theory, central banks implement monetary policies based on a set minimum reserve. Bank reserve is the minimum threshold that should be held by the bank; this value is used in calculating how much lending and deposits can be made in the banks. The central bank regulates bank reserve and the borrowing rates.In addition, Fontana (2003) states that money is created in modern economics through the repayment of loans from the households. In essence, money creation is through
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Based on the readings, what do you see as the biggest obstacles to development of poorer nations? What can be done about it?
It is good to understand that most of these nations over- depends on land which is the backbone of the developing world economy. There is therefore much tension when it comes to land issues.Most of the Sub Saharan African countries have vast natural resources that include oil and gold. This line of argument is in agreement with the Exogenous Growth Theory that the problem comes in the identification and affordability of technology that would help in the discovery of mineral deposits.6 This has
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BUSINESS ECONOMICS
There are reasons as to why the European Central Bank looks to apply Quantitative Easing within the Eurozone. The first reason concerns the creation of more employment opportunities. The money printed through Quantitative Easing can enable businesses to hire more employees in their operations. The Eurozone will thereby attain the maximum level of employment possible. Another reason for implementing QE by the European Central Bank is the desire to boost lending and foster borrowing. Buying
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Bankers Bonuses a Force for Good or Evil?
On a similar note, the banks find it hard not to give its employees the bonuses since they are metaphorically surrounded by bonuses since their stock is money. They use it to trade even in the stock exchange. This goes without a say that, the banks have the ability to extend large sums of money to the employees as bonuses because the money is available. However the question arises whether the government policy through the Bank of England on capping of the bonus and crawling them to 10 years
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Beverage global industry
The bottling companies are expected to work with the local vendors to ensure the local strategies adopted by the mother company are executed.The portfolio of the company currently stands at 17 billion dollar including Fanta, Coca Cola Zero, Sprite, Powerade, Diet Coke, Del Vale, and Minute Maid among others. Consumers in more than 210 countries the company serves an average of 1.9 billion customers in day.Statistics show that in 2010, the company was the first to be the brand top £1 billion in
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